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AHL AL-SUNNA: THE Ash’aris – The Testimony and Proofs of the Scholars pdf download

Book Title Ahl Al Sunna The Asharis The Testimony And Proofs Of The Scholars
Book AuthorHamad al-Sinan
Total Pages262
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Ahl Al-Sunna: The Ash’aris – The Testimony and Proofs of the Scholars

 Shaykh Hamad al-Sinan, Shaykh Fawzi al-‘Anjari 

Forewords by Shaykh Wahba al-Zuhayli Shaykh Muhammad Sa’id Ramadan al-Buti Translated by Abdul Aziz Suraqah  

 أهل السنة الأشاعرة – شهادة علماء الامة وأدلتهم


The meaning of the term ash’ari

The term Ash’ari is used for one who follows the way of Imām Abū al-Hasan al-Ash’ari in doctrine out of guided conviction and not servile conformism (taqlid).

 Imām Abū al-Hasan-may Allah have mercy upon him-is like others who firmly held the banner of the way of the early generations, in order for those who see them to be guided.

 Ascription to him in the matters of doctrine) is similar to ascription to Imām Abu Hanīfa, Mālik, shāfi’i, and Ahmad-may Allah be pleased with all of them, in the branches of jurisprudence.

 So even though they disagreed about the methods of deriving and extracting legal rulings, they were in agreement regarding the sources from which they took and the springs from which they drew.

In the fundamentals of the religion, Imām Abū al-Hasan al-Ash’arī was similar to them in that he took only from the Holy Qur’ān and noble Sunna and treaded the path of the Salaf and ascribed himself to it.

He is who he is only because he shed light on the path and was taken as its spokesman and made it well known to the Umma after people of blameworthy innovations and desires sought to extinguish it. Imām Tāj al-Din al-Subki-may Allah have mercy upon him- said: You should know that Abū al-Hasan did not innovate a novel opinion or develop a new doctrine.

He only confirmed the doctrine of the Salaf and defended the way of the noble Companions of Allah’s Messengers Ascription to him is only due to the fact that he was considered a spokesman for the way of the Salaf and had held firmly to it and established proofs and evidence for it. The one who follows him in that and treads his path in proofs is called an Ash’ari…

Shaykh al-Islam, ‘Izz al-Din b. ‘Abd al-Salam, mentioned that his [al-Ash’ari’s] doctrine was unanimously agreed upon by the Shāfi’is, Mālikis, Hanafis, and the virtuous Hanbalis. (He mentioned] that his contemporaries who agreed with him included the Shaykh of the Malilcis in his time, Abu ‘Amr b. al-l;lajib, and the Shaykh of the l;lanafis, Jamal al-Din al- ]:lasiri.’

Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr al-Bayhaqi-may Allah have mercy upon him-who was from the third rank of those who followed Imam al-Ash’ari.’ said: Until the time came for our Shaykh, Abu al-Hasan al-Ash’ari-may Allah have mercy upon him.

He did not invent anything in the religion of Allah or bring a blameworthy innovation. Rather, he took the statements of the Companions, the followers, and those after them among the imams, regarding the fundamentals of the religion and aided them with additional commentary and clarification and demonstrated that their beliefs and what the Sacred Law brought in matters of creed are rationally sound-contrary to the claims of the people of vain desires who said that some of it does not withstand

Rational scrutiny

His elucidations strengthened what was not [previously expounded upon] from Ahl al-Sunna wal-Jama·a and aided the beliefs of the past Imams,

such as Abu Hanifa and Sufyiin al-Thawri from the people of Kufa, al-Awzii1 and others from the people of the Levant, Malik and al-Shafi’i from the peopleof the twoSacred Sanctuaries [Mecca and Medina], as well as those who traversed their way in the Hijaz and other lands, such as Ahmad b. Hanbal and others from the people of Hadith,

Layth b. Sa’d and others, and Abu’Abdullah Muhammad b. Isma’il al-Bukhari and Abu al-Husayn Muslim b. al-Hajjaj al-Naysaburi-the two Imams of the people of Prophetic reports, as well as the authors of the Sunan collections around which the Sacred Law revolves-may Allah be pleased with all of them. Al-Hafiz lbn ‘Asakir-may Allah have mercy upon him-said:

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