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Concept Of GOD in Major Religions pdf download

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 Concept Of God In Major Religions
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Zakir Naik
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INTRODUCTION – concept of god in major religions

One of the distinguishing features of our civilisation is the presence of a large number of religions and ethical systems. Mankind has always sought to understand the reason for creation and his own place in the scheme of things.

Arnold Toynbee studied the history of man through the ages and put his findings in a monumental work consisting of ten volumes. He summarised that in the history of man, religion stood as the centre. In an article in The Observer on October 24, 1954 he wrote:

“I have come back a the belief that religion holds the key to the mystery of existence;” Religion according to the Oxford dictionary means “belief in a superhuman controlling power especially in a personal God or gods entitled to obedience and worship” A common feature of all major religions is the belief in a Universal God or Supreme Divine Authority that is Omnipotent and Omniscient.

Followers of all major religions believe that the God they worship is the same God for them as well as for others. Marxism, Freudianism and other non-religious’ beliefs tried to attack the roots of organized religion. But these in turn, developed into belief systems themselves. For instance, when communism was many countries of the world it was preached with the same commitment and fervour that characterizes preaching and propogation of Characterises the act of preaching) religions.

worship none but Allah

Thus religion is an integral part of human existence. The Glorious Qur’an says in the following verse: “Say: ‘O People of the Book! Come to common terms as between us and you: That we worship none but Allah; That we associate no partners with him; that we erect not, from among ourselves, Lords and patrons other than Allah’. If then they turn back, Say ve: “Bear witness that we (at least) are Muslims (bowing to Allah’s Will)”.

(Al-Qur’an 3:64) The study of various religions has been an extremely rewarding experience for me. It has reaffirmed the belief that God created every human soul with some knowledge of His existence. The psycological constitution of man is such that he accepts the existence of the Creator, unles he has been conditioned to believe the contary. In other words, belief in God requires no condition, while a rejection of God does.


Religions of the world can be broadly categorized into Semitic religions and non-Semitic religions. Non-Semitic religions can be divided into Aryan religions and non-Aryan religions. Semitic religions Semitic religions are religions that originated among the Semites According to the Bible, Prophet Noah (pbuh) had a son called Shem.

The descendents of Shem are known as Semites. Therefore, Semitic religions are the religions that originated among the Jews, Arabs, Assyrians, Phoenicians, etc. Major Semitic religions are Judaism, Christianity and Islam. All these religions are Prophetic religions that believe in Divine Guidance sent through prophets of God. Non-Semitic religions The non-Semitic religions are further subdivided into Aryan and nonAryan religions:

Aryan Religions Aryan religions are the religions that originated among the Aryans, a powerful group of Indo-European speaking people that spread through Iran and Northern India in the first half of the second Millenium BC (2000 to 1500 BC). The Aryan Religions are further subdivided into Vedic and non-Vedic religions. The Vedic Religion is given the misnomer of Hinduism or Brahminism.

Aryan religions – concept of god in major religions

The non-Vedic Religions are Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism, etc. Almost all Aryan religions are non-Prophetic religions. Zoroastrianism is an Aryan, non-Vedic religion, which is not associated with Hinduism. It claims to be a prophetic religion. Non-Aryan Religions The non-Aryan religions have diverse origins. Confucianism and Taoism are of Chinese origin while Shintoism is of Japanese origin. Many of these non-Aryan religions do not have a concept of God. They are better referred to as ethical systems rather than as religions.

Most Authentic Definition Of God in any Religion The concept of God espoused by a religion cannot be judged by merely observing the practice of its followers. It is quite common for the followers of many religions to be ignorant of the concept of God in their scriptures. It is therefore better to analyse the concept of God in any religion by referring to its holy scriptures. Let us understand the concept of God in major world religions by analysing what their scriptures have to say about it.

CONCEPT OF GOD IN CHRISTIANITY: – concept of god in major religions

Christianity is a Semitic religion, which claims to have nearly two billion adherents all over the world. Christianity owes it name to Jesus Christ (peace be on him). Jesus (pbuh) is also a revered figure in Islam.Islam is the only non-Christian Faith that prescribes faith in Jesus (pbuh): Before we discuss the concept of God in Christianity let us examine the position of Jesus (pbuh) in Islam: (1) Islam is the only non-Christian faith, which makes it an

article of faith to believe in Jesus (pbuh). No Muslim is a Muslim if he does not believe in Jesus (pbuh). (11) We believe that he was one of the mightiest Messengers of Allah (SWT) (iii) We believe that he was born miraculously without any male intervention, which many modern day Christians do not believe.

(iv) We believe that He gave life to the dead with God’s permission. (v) We believe that He healed those born blind, and the lepers with God’s permission. One may ask, if both Muslims and Christians love and respect Jesus (pbuh), where exactly is the parting of ways? The major difference between Islam and Christianity is the Christians insistence on the supposed divinity of Christ.

Jesus (pbuh) never claimed divinity

A study of the Christian scriptures reveals that Jesus (pbuh) never claimed divinity. In fact there is not a single unequivocal statement in the entire Bible where Jesus (pbuh) himself says, “I am God” or where he says, “worship me”. In fact the Bible contains statements attributed to Jesus (pbuh) in which he preached quite the contrary. Consider the following statements in the Bible, attributed to Jesus Christ (pbuh): “My Father is Greater than I”

(John 14:28) “My Father is Greater than all” (John 10:29) “…I cast out devils by the spirit of God….” (Mathew 12:28) “…. with the finger of God cast out devils…..” (Luke 11:20)

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