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Explanation of a Summary of Aqeedat Hamawiyyah pdf

Book Title Explanation Of A Summary Of Aqeedat Hamawiyyah
Book AuthorUthaymin
Total Pages139
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Explanation of a Summary of Aqeedat Hamawiyyah


The Obligation upon the Servant Regarding His Religion 

The obligation on the servant concerning his religion is following what Allaah says and what His Messenger Muhammad says, as well as the Rightly-Guided Successors after him from the Companions, and those who followed them in righteousness. 

This is because Allaah sent Muhammad with clarifications and guidance and obligated upon all of the people to believe in him and follow him outwardly and inwardly. He 

قل يأيها الناس إلي رسول الله إليكم جميعا الذي له ملك السماوات والأرض إله إلا هو يحيي ويميت فآمنوا بالله ورسوله

“Say: ‘Oh mankind, indeed I am the Messenger of Allaah to you all, [from Him] to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. There is no god but Him; He gives life and causes death.” So believe in Allaah and His Messenger, the unlettered Prophet, who believes in Allaah and His Words, and follow him that you may be guided.”

عليكم بسنتي وسنة الخلفاء الراشدين المهديين من بعدي تمسكوا بها، وعضوا عليها بالنواجذ، وإياكم ومحدثات الأمور، فان كل محدثة بدعة، وكل بدعة ضلالت. 

“It is incumbent upon you (to follow) my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the Rightly-Guided Successors after me. Hold fast to it and bite onto it with your molars. And beware of the newly-invented matters, for every newly-invented matter is an innovation and every innovation is misguidance.”1 

1 Recorded by at-Tirmidhee (2676) and he said it is Hasan Saheeh. Also recorded by Aboo Daawood (4607), Ibn Maajah (42), and Ahmad (4/126). Ibn Hibbaan and al-Haakim declared it to be Saheeh. 

The Rightly-Guided Successors are those who came after and followed the Prophet in beneficial knowledge and righteous action.

The most deserving of people of this description are the Companions. Allaah chose them for the companionship of His Prophet and the establishment of His Religion.

And Allaah would not choose – while He is the Most Knowledgeable, the Most Wise – for the companionship of His Prophet except the most complete of people in Eemaan, the highest in intellect, the most righteous in action, the most determined, and the closest guided to the path.

So they are the most deserving of people to be followed after their Prophet and after them are the Imaams of the religion, those who are known for their guidance and well-being. 

The Prophet’s Message Includes the True Explanation of the Foundations of the Religion & Its Detailed Matters 

The message of the Prophet (Awadele) is comprised of two things: beneficial knowledge, and righteous action, just as Allaah (asellü gober) said, 

هو الذي أرسل رسوله بالهدى ودين الحق ليظهره على الدين كله ولو گره المشركون 

“It is He who has sent His Messenger with (1) guidance and (2) the religion of truth to manifest it over all religions, although the Mushrikoon hate it.” [Sooratut-Tawbah, 9:33] 

The guidance is the beneficial knowledge, while the religion of truth is the righteous action that is based upon sincerity to Allaah and following His Messenger. 

And beneficial knowledge includes any knowledge that contains a benefit to the Ummah for its life in the Dunyaa and the Hereafter.

The first of knowledge that enters into that is the knowledge of Allaah’s Names, His Characteristics and Attributes, and His Actions.

Knowing this is the most beneficial of all sciences and it is the most superior of the divine message. It is the summarization of the prophetic Da’wah. By it, the religion is established in statement, action and belief. 

For this reason, it is impossible to think the Prophet would neglect this knowledge and not completely explain it, leaving no doubts regarding it and repelling all uncertainties. This is impossible from various perspectives: 


The Prophet’s (Alusal le) message contains light and guidance. Allaah sent him as a bringer of good news as well as a warner, as a caller to Allaah by His permission and a shining lamp so much so that he left his Ummah upon a clear, white path – its night as clear as its day.

No one deviates from it except that he becomes destroyed. And the greatest of lights and the most significant is what the heart obtains from knowing Allaah, His Names, Attributes and His Actions.

Therefore, there is no way that the Prophet did not explain this knowledge with the most important of (صلى الله عليه و سلم ) explanations. 


The Prophet ( 92 ) taught his Ummah everything that it needs from the affairs of the religion and the Dunyaa. He even taught the manners of eating, drinking, sitting, sleeping, etc. Aboo Dharr (die wil oss) said, “Allaah’s Messenger ( Subalo) died and there is no bird that flaps its wings except that he mentioned to us some knowledge about it.” There is no doubt that the knowledge of Allaah, His Names, Attributes, and Actions is included under this general principle.

Rather, it is the first and foremost due to the extreme need for it and necessity of knowing it. 


 Eemaan in Allaah, His Names, Attributes, and Actions is the basis of the whole religion and the summarization of the call of the Messengers.

 It is the most serious of obligations and the best of what the hearts gain, and the best of what the intellects perceive. So how would the Prophet (L ULU) neglect it without teaching and explaining it while he taught what was of less importance and virtue?! 


 The Prophet was the most knowledgeable person of his Lord. He was the most sincere adviser to the creation and the most eloquent in conveying and explaining the message.

 Therefore, it is not possible, with this complete conveyance, that he would leave explaining the issue of Eemaan in Allaah, His Names and Attributes, leaving it unclear and questionable. 

Fifthly: The companions (zic al oss) must have spoken correctly concerning this issue (Allaah’s Names, Attributes, and Actions) because the opposite of this would either be (1) – that they remained silent regarding it or (2) – that they spoke falsely concerning it. Both of these are impossible regarding the Companions. 

  1. As for the point that the Companions remained silent on the matter of the ‘Aqeedah of Allaah’s Names and Attributes, then this is impossible due to the following reasons.

Either, their silence was due to their own ignorance of what Allaah obligated regarding the Names and Attributes, and what He has made 

2 Here, Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymeen is still mentioning the various aspects that disprove the assumption that the Prophet did not completely explain the issue of Eemaan in Allaah’s Names, Attributes, and Actions. 

permissible and prohibited; or their silence was based upon a certain knowledge they had regarding that, yet they concealed it. And both of these are also impossible: 

As for their remaining silent due to ignorance:

Then there is no heart with life, awareness, a search for knowledge, and a desire for worship except that its greatest concern would be the search for Eemaan in Allaah, and knowing His Names and Attributes, and actualizing that with certain knowledge and ‘Aqeedah.

There is no doubt that the best generations – the best of them being the Companions – were the most complete of people regarding the life of the hearts, loving of good, and actualizing beneficial knowledge.

For this, the Prophet (w.gala sue) said, 

خير الناس قرني، ثم الذين يلونهم، ثم الذين يلونهم 

“The best of people are my generation, then those who follow after them, and then those who follow after them.”3 

This preference is general encompassing their virtue in everything that brings one closer to Allaah from statements, actions, or beliefs. 

In addition, if we assume that the Companions were ignorant of the truth regarding this matter, then the ignorance of those who came after them would be even more obvious.

This is because knowing what is affirmed to Allaah of the Names and Attributes, or what is negated from Him – this is only learned by way of Messengership and the Companions are the intermediary between the Messenger (Alwu l o) and the Ummah.

So based upon this assumption, it means that no one has any knowledge regarding this matter and this is obviously unreasonable. 

As for their remaining silent due to concealing the truth:

Every intelligent and just person who knows the situation of the Companions and their concern with spreading the beneficial knowledge and conveying it to the Ummah,

would never accuse them of concealing the truth, especially not in the most serious and obligated of all matters – knowing Allaah, His Names and Attributes. 

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