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Family Planning In The Legacy Of Islam. Pdf Download

Family Planning In The Legacy Of Islam
Book Title Family Planning In The Legacy Of Islam
Book AuthorAbdel Rahim Omran
Total Pages307
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Book Contents

  • List of figures
  • List of tables
  • Foreword: Nafis Sadik, UNFPA
  • Foreword: H.Munawir Sjadzali, Republic of Indonesia
  • Foreword: Professor Gamal Serour, Al-Azhar University
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Prologue: A working definition of family planning
  • Views of Sheikh Jadel Haq, the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar, on family planning
  • Part I: The Islamic Context
  • Chapter 1: Family and marriage in Islam
  • The family in Islam
  • Role of the family
  • The relationship between husband and wife
  • Marriage in Islam
  • General summary
  • Marriage as a basic institution
  • Marriage as a solemn covenant
  • Marriage as a grave responsibility
  • Age at marriage
  • Polygyny
  • The elements of planning in family and marriage
  • Genetic considerations
  • Cultural considerations
  • Social considerations
  • Marital competence
  • Pregnancy planning
  • Parent and child: rights of one, obligations of the other
  • Chapter 2: The status of women in Islam
  • Women personalities in the Qur’an
  • The question of equality
  • The human partnership
  • Equality in religious duties
  • Women’s share in the Islamic revolution
  • Equality in education
  • Equality in the principle of jihad (religious war)
  • Equity in treatment as daughters
  • Equality in choosing marital partners
  • Right to share in public life
  • Women’s privileges over men
  • Men’s privileges over women
  • Controversies resolved
  • Inheritance differentials and the status of women
  • Woman as witness
  • Chapter 3: Family planning and the basic precepts of Islam
  • A religion of ease (pur) not hardship (ewsr)
  • A religion of moderation
  • A religion for quality
  • A religion for planning
  • A religion for all times
  • Changing population
  • Islam and population change
  • Part II: Family Planning in the Qur’an and the Sunnah
  • Chapter 5: Sources of Islamic jurisprudence
  • Introduction and definitions
  • Sources and venues of Islamic jurisprudence
  • The primary and prerequisite sources
  • Complementary sources of law: consensus and analogy
  • Supplementary venues
  • Broad principles
  • Application to family planning
  • Adaptability of Islamic law
  • Requirements of a new legal ruling or fatwa
  • Chapter 6: The Qur’an and family planning including the question of multitude
  • General statement
  • Use of the Qur’an
  • The issue of equating family planning with Infanticide (wa’d)
  • Opponents
  • Proponents
  • Predestination (gadar), provision (rizq), and reliance on Allah (tawakkul)
  • Procreation
  • Procreation and the value of children
  • Procreation and marriage
  • Additional arguments
  • Opponents refer to children as Allah’s gifts
  • Proponents find evidence for spacing
  • The question of multitude (kathrak)
  • Chapter 7: Advocates of multitude
  • Response by proponents of family planning
  • Multitude versus harm to the mother: a juristic evaluation
  • A demographic and cultural note
  • Requirements of Islamic multitude
  • The Sunnah and family planning
  • Collections of Hadith (tradition)
  • A survey and classification of traditions concerning al-al into nine categories
  • Part III: Family Planning in Islamic Jurisprudence
  • Chapter 8: Family planning in Islamic Jurisprudence (legal schools) from the seventh to the nineteenth century
  • A chronology of scholarship
  • Issues discussed by jurists
  • Schools of Islamic jurisprudence (al-madhahib al-fiqhiyya)
  • The Sunni schools
  • The Kharijite movement and the Ibaddi school
  • The Shicites
  • Views of legal schools on family planning
  • Chapter 9: Justifications for contraception in Islamic jurisprudence
  • General consideration
  • Specified justifications by leading jurists
  • Comment on the economic justifications
  • Comment on the health justifications
  • Comparison with Islamic medicine (from the earlier Islamic period)
  • Back to jurisprudence
  • Modern medicine
  • Comment on the cultural justifications
  • Chapter 10: Family planning in Islamic jurisprudence: the more problematical issues
  • Infertility and sterilization
  • Infertility and artificial insemination
  • The question of sterilization
  • The question of abortion
  • Views of other theologians
  • The question of repudiating a child conceived despite contraception
  • Part IV: Islam and Family Planning in the Twentieth Century
  • Chapter 11: Conferences and publications by jurists on Islam and family planning
  • New challenges to juristic research
  • New challenges to the juristic process
  • Theologians who oppose family planning
  • Books by theologians on Islam and family planning
  • Conferences on Islam and family planning
  • Chapter 12: Fatwas and opinions of other twentieth-century jurists on Islam and family planning
  • A commentary on fatwas on family planning
  • Fatwas from the Indian subcontinent
  • Opinions of other twentieth-century scholars (eulama)
  • A grand finale: The Grand Imam of Al-Azhar reconfirms in 1991 his views of 1979-80
  • Epilogue: A poem on family planning by Sheikh Abul-Fath M.Khattab
  • Appendix 1: A chronology of theologians cited in this book
  • Appendix 2: Text of the fatwas
  • Notes
  • Bibliography
  • Index

Family Planning In The Legacy Of Islam by Abdel Rahim Omran

About the Book

In this study, Dr Omran surveys the source books of Islamic jurisprudence from the eighth to the twentieth century in search for views on family formation and family planning.

He has reviewed, in each century, the writing of leading theologians in each of the schools of jurisprudence (al-madhahib al-fiqhiyya), classifying their work, comparing their views and referring everything back to the foundation of Islamic jurisprudence namely the Qur’an and the Sunnah (the Prophet’s tradition).

The result of this in-depth study is neatly organized in logical sequence in the book.

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