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History of the Quranic Text pdf download

Book Title History Of The Quranic Text
Book Authoral-Azami
Total Pages26
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History of the Quranic Text – Book Sample


God created man for a noble purpose: to worship Him and lead a righteous life based on His commands and guidance to mankind.

 Mankind learned this by God sending Messengers with clear and practical instructions of the meaning of life and how to worship God properly.

 God also revealed to these Prophets and Messengers knowledge about what will happen after death and the rewards and punishments for one’s actions.

These Prophets and Messengers convey the same prevailing message which is entrusted to them by God. They proclaimed:

“…Oh my people! Worship God! (i.e., without associating anything with him) You have no other god but Him. [Qur’an: 7:65]

God sent a Prophet and/or Messenger to every nation throughout the history of mankind.

“And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a messenger (proclaiming): Worship Allah (Alone) and avoid (or keep away from) all false deities” [Qur’an: 16:36]

Some of them we have been informed of and others we have not. These Prophets and Messengers include, but not limited to:

Adam, Noah, Abraham, Ismail, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses, Aaron, Lot, David, Solomon, Elias, Elisha, Hood, Thul-Kifi, Enoch, Jonah, Job Shu’aib, Saalih, Ezra, Zachariyyah, John, Jesus , Muhammad and others peace and blessings be upon them all.

Some of them were sent with Books while others were not.

Some of the books that we were informed of are the Scriptures of Abraham, the Torah of Moses, the Zaboor of Dawood, and the Injeel which was revealed to Jesus.

All of these scriptures contained the same basic message from God to mankind.

Each Prophet brought specific instructions from God addressed to a particular people for certain times in history and particular circumstances although the essential message remained the same.

A few examples of this would be the fact that Moses’ contemporaries were excellent in magic. So his major miracle was to defeat the best magicians of his days. Jesus’ contemporaries were recognized as skillful physicians.

Therefore, his miracles were to raise the dead and cure the incurable diseases.

The Arabs, the contemporaries of the Muhammad, were known for their eloquence and magnificent poetry.

So Muhammad’s (Peace and Blessings be upon him) major miracle was the Qur’an, the equivalent of which the whole legion of the Arab poets and orators could not produce despite the repeated challenge from the Qur’an itself.

However, the beauty and power of Muhammad’s (Peace and Blessings be upon him) major miracle is that it removes the constraints of place and time. It is the permanent miracle for all generations to see.

Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) is the final Messenger and that his Prophethood is also not limited to time and place, and is for all peoples (after the advent of his Prophethood) in all times until the Day of Judgement.

Now, many who would agree with everything we have stated above may reject this about Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) his Messengership and the scripture with which he was sent. (The Qur’an)

It is our objective here to prove without a shadow of a doubt that the Qur’an is in fact from God Himself and by extension that Muhammad is in fact a Messenger of God.

For we cannot accept the Message and reject the Messenger, or vice versa. Both must be accept or both must be rejected.

We can basically divide the groups of opinions on the Qur’an into three groups:

  • Those who say that Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) himself wrote the Qur’an
  • Those who say that the Qur’an was written by someone else and taught to Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him)
  • Those who believe that the Qur’an is the pure word of God having no human author

 In this article, we will briefly review the above three arguments based on logic, historical evidence, textual analysis and even scientific data.

Based on our arguments above, we can logically conclude that if the Qur’an was written by Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) or some other man (or group of men) then it is correct to reject the man and his message.

However, if it is proven that the Qur’an is indeed from God, then it is necessary for us to believe in it, follow it and accept Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) and a Messenger of God.

We ask the reader to reflect…

First Claim:

Muhammad (Peace an d Blessings be upon him) wrote the Qur’an.

Those who claim that the Qur’an was written by Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) have given him a different motive for doing so and can basically be divided into the following groups

  • For Material Gain/ Power and Glory
  • To Unite the Arabs or to morally reform them
  • Epileptic Seizures or Self-Delusions

With Muhammad being perhaps the most well documented man in human history, we can easily examine these claims and compare them to his life.

Firstly, the claim that Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) wrote the Qur’an is not new. His own people made this claim. In response, to this claim, God revealed the following:

Say: “It is not for me to change it on my own accord; I only follow that which is revealed unto me. Verily, I fear if I were to disobey my Lord, the torment of the Great Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection).”

Say: “If Allah had so willed, I should not have recited it to you nor would He have made it known to you. Verily, I have stayed amongst you a life time before this. Have you then no sense?” [Qur’an 10:15-16 ]

This verse is telling his critics to reflect on the fact that Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) lived amongst them from forty (40) years before reciting the Qur’an to them while never showing any signs of inclination to poetry and themselves knowing that he was illiterate.

If he could no t read or write, then where did these magnificent verses come from?

 Also reflect on the fact that Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) is commanded in the verses above to “Say” twice. This is a command to make a certain statement to the people.

One can find this command “Say” 332 times throughout the Qur’an. In other places in the Qur’an he is ordered to “proclaim”, “Glorify Your Lord”, “Prostrate Yourself” etc. So we ask is this how a man talks to himself or writes a book?

Also one must consider the fact that even before his Prophethood Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) was known amongst his people as “Al-Amin”, the trustworthy and the truthful. No one ever recorded a lie against him.

Many Western historians agree with this analysis:

“If a man like Muhammad were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world, he would succeed in solving its problems that would bring it the much needed peace and happiness.” George Bernard Shaw

“My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the world’s most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the religious and secular level.”

–Michael H. Hart, THE 100: A RANKING OF THE MOST INFLUENTIAL PERSONS IN HISTORY, New York: Hart Publishing Company, Inc ., 1978, p. 33

“Muhammad was the soul of kindness, and his influence was felt and never forg otten by those around him.”–Diwan Chand Sharma, The Prophets of the East, Calcutta 1935, p. l 22.

“He was Caesar and Pope in one; but he was Pope without Pope’s pretensions, Caesar without the legions of Caesar: without a standing army, without a bodyguard, without a palace, without a fixed revenue;

 if ever any man had the right to say that he ruled by the right divine, it was Mohammed, for he had all the power without its instruments and without its supports.”–Bosworth Smith, Mohammad and Mohammadanism, London, 1874, p. 92.

“Philosopher, orator, apostle, legislator, warrior, conqueror of ideas, restorer of rational dogmas, of a cult without images; the founder of twenty terrestrial empires and of one spiritual empire, that is Muhammad.

As regards all standards by which human greatness may be measured, we may well ask, is there any man greater than he?”Lamartine, HISTOIRE DE LA TURQUIE, Paris, 1854, Vol. II, pp. 276 -277

“It is impossible for anyone who studies the life and character of the great Prophet of Arabia, who knows how he taught and how he lived, to feel anything but reverence for that mighty Prophet, one of the great messengers of the Supreme.

And although in what I put to you I shall say many things which may be familiar to many, yet I myself feel whenever I re-read them, a new way of admiration, a new sense of reverence for that mighty Arabian teacher.” Annie Besant, THE LIFE AND TEACHINGS OF MUHAMMAD, Madras,1932, p. 4.

“His readiness to undergo persecutions for his beliefs, the high moral character of the men who believed in him and looked up to him as leader, and the greatness of his ultimate achievement – all argue his fundamental integrity.

 To suppose Muhammad an impostor raises more problems than it solves. Moreover, none of the great figures of history is so poorly appreciated in the West as Muhammad.” W. Montgomery Watt, MOHAMMAD AT MECCA, Oxford, 1953, p. 52.

So, we ask the reader to reflect on the following:

Is it logical to believe that Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him) who, until the age of forty and, as we mentioned earlier, was known to his people as al-Amin (The Trustworthy) and who is still admired even by Western scholars for his honesty and integrity,

all of a sudden began to write a book that is unmatched in literary merit and that has not be matched by legions of the Arab poets and orators of the highest caliber throughout history?

Is it reasonable to say that Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him), made a false claim and on that very falsehood trained thousands of individuals of outstanding character, integrity, and honesty who were able to establish the best human society that the world has ever known?

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