|Book Title:||Jean Jacques Rousseau, Allan Bloom Emile Or On Education Basic Books (1979)|
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EMILE which eontain a moral teaching. They, tG0, had banished in Book II, a child would always identify himأ¦lf with, e.g., the fox who the crow rather than with the crow who loses the cheese, for a child understands nothing atnut vanity and a gxeat deal cheeأ¦. At this later stage Rousseau bas arranged for Emile to haye IRcn deâ€¢ cejved by confidence men who play his vanity, so that wtrn he reads the fable he will immediately identify with the crow and attain Satire the in which himself. All this is intended to remind bim that he, too, is human and could easily fall victim to the errors made by others. Jt is as though Rousseau had used Aristotle’s discourse on the passions as a text and followed Aristotle’s warning that those who do imagine that the misfortunes others can them are insolent rather than compassion- ate.” The first stage of Emile’s intrآ«Huction to the human condition shows him that most men are the second, that the great. are sufferers and hence equal to the small; the third, that he is a sufferer, saved only by his education. which was a rational deduction in HomEs, thus Ixxcomes self-evident to senti- ments. Emile’s first principle of action was pleasure and pain; his ond, after the birth of reason and his learning the sciences, was utility; now cnmpassion is added to other two, and concern for others part Of his sense OE his own interest. Rousseau studies the pas- sions and finds a way of balancing them one against the other rather than trying to the virtues which govern them. He dأ¦s for the soul what Mont.lieu for the invent the separation and balance of But for all its important consaltrncأ¦ in its own right, within the context of Emile’s education is only a step on the way to his fulfillment as husband and father. Its primary function is to make Emile while remaining whole. LOVE Finally Rousseau must tell Emile the meaning of his longings. He re- veals sex to the young Emile as the Savoyard Vicar revealed God to the young Jean-Jacques. IS Although it is impossible to discuss the Pro- fession of Faith of the Savoyard Vicar here, is essential to the under- standing of Rousأ¦au’s intention to underline profound differences the two revelations. The Vicars is presented to the corrupt young Rousseau and never to Emile. Moreover, Vicar teaches the dualism or and soul, which is aben and contradictory to the unity which Emile incamates. In keeping with this, the Vicar is otherworldly and guilt-ridden about his sexual desires, which he whereas Emile is very much of this world and exalts his sexual which are blessed by and lead to blessing Emile’s rewards are on earth, the Vicars in Heaven. The Vicar-is the of the and he is only an oasis in the desert which Rousseau crossed reaching his new Sinai. 1-7. 8 amd z. 18. Pp. z60â€”a13. 316â€”334 below.