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Book Title Mawlid Rasul Allah
Book AuthorIbn Kathir
Total Pages24
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Mawlid Rasul Allah – The Hadiths on the Birth of Prophet Muhammad pdf download

The Hadiths on the Birth of Prophet Muhammad by Imam Hafiz – Imaduddin Ismail bin Umar Ibn Kathir


This is a second attempt to translate and publish books on the Milad {Birth of the Prophet Muhammad written by scholars of past and present eras. Before this noble endeavor, 1 had the honor to translate and publish the book of Shaykh Abdullah Harari Habshi, namely ‘Ar Rawayih az Zakiyya fi Mawladi Khayr il Barriya?

Similarly, on this very topic, the book of Imam Jalaluddin Suyuti – Husn al Maqsad fi Amal il Mawluďand the compilation of Sayyid Muhammad Alawi Maliki Makki – Hawl al Ihtifal bil Mawlid an Nabawi ash Sharif are also underprint with extended notes and extensive Hadith documentation.

The purpose of these publications is to acquire the Blessings and to remove misconceptions from the minds of the people who consider the celebration of “Milad’ {Birth) of the Prophet Muhammad to be a Biddah’ Innovation from the non – Arab {Ajam; world and which has been started in the recent past!

Among the Imams of Hadith who have authored books on “Milad Sharif, are Hafiz Ibn Kathir, Hafiz Jalaluddin Suyuti, Hafiz Ibn Nasiruddin Dimishqi {777-842 A.H}, Hafiz Abdul Rahim Iraqi {d.725 AH, Hafiz Muhammad Bin Abdul Rahman Sakhawi (831-902 AH}, Imam Hafiz Mulla Ali Qari Harwi (d. 1014 A.H), Hafiz Ibn Dabi’ Shibani Yamani (866–944 AH).

Hafiz Ibn Hajar Asqalani, Hafiz Ibn Hajar Yamani, Imam Ibn Jawzi, Imam Ibn Abidin Shami, and Imam Mujaddid-udin Ferozabadi Sahib ul Qamus among others.  BIDDAH {Innovation}.

Meaning and Explanation Biddah: This is a word which is uttered by every Muslim, be an ordinary or an intellectual person, and is perhaps used very frequently and is said and heard very often in the context of “Milad Sharif.

Thus, it would be appropriate to determine its meaning and interpretation before commencing the actual book. It is a fact that to celebrate the “Milad’ of the Prophet Muhammad is a “Biddah’, according to its lexical meaning, because this practice was neither present during the times of the Prophet Muhammad nor in the times which immediately followed him.

It started just at the beginning of the 7th Century Hijri! But, it is also incorrect that all ‘Biddah’ is contemptible and should be refuted. According to the Arabic dictionary, the word – “Biddah’ means: ‘Any act that was not in existence while according to the ‘Shariyah? {Islamic Law} “Biddah’ refers to: “Any new Act which does not have any proof from the Quran and Sunnah.’

Thus, it is true that to celebrate ‘Milad’ is a Biddah’ according to the Arabic lexicon but not according to the “Shariyah’! As celebrating “Milad’ is not only permitted but there is substantial evidence of it being recommended by the Holy Quran and Noble Sunnah!

Imam Ibn Arabi says: “All “Biddah’ is not contemptible, but only those Biddah’ are contemptible which are against Sunnah’; and among innovative actions, only those are contemptible which take us astray?”

Thus, all ‘Biddah’ {Innovations that are not contradicting the Holy Quran and the Noble Sunnah or are aligned with the objective of the “Shariyah”, are in fact not at all “Biddah’: This can be understood from the Hadith mentioned by Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim in their “Sahihs’ as narrated by Sayyidah Ayesha Siddiqa

The Beloved Prophet said: “The one who Innovates any new thing in our ‘Deen’ {Religion}; which is not from it; is “Mardud’ {Cursed}!” That is, the innovation which is not in accordance with the soul, spirit, and objective of ‘Deen’ is undoubtedly worthy of refutation and contempt.

 The correct definition and meaning of ‘Biddah’ can also be understood from the Hadith of Sayyiduna Jarir bin Abdullah which has been narrated by Imam Muslim in his “Sahih’.

Sayyiduna Jariri narrated that the Beloved Prophet said: “The one who innovates a good practice {Biddah al Hasanah? in Islam would receive a reward for it, and there would be a reward for all those who follow it thereafter and there would be no reduction in the reward for any one of those following it.

And, the one who innovates a bad practice Biddah al Zalalah} in Islam would receive sin for it, and there would be in for all those who follow it thereafter, and there would be no reduction in the sin for any one of those following it!” 2

The Biddah’ of this type, that is, “Mazmoom’ {Evil/Blameworthy} can also be understood through the Hadith of Jami’ Tirmizi in which the Beloved Prophet said: “The one who innovates any misleading thing which is against the will of Allah Almighty and His Prophet then the sins of all those who follow it will be on him and there will be no reduction in the sins   of those following it.”

A similar Hadith with a little variation in words is also reported by Imam Ibn Majah in “Sunan? 3 While explaining a Hadith from Sahih Bukhari, narrated by Sayyiduna Umar Imam Ibn Hajr Asqalani says: “The narrator says that Sayyiduna Umar has said: “ Ne mul Biddah’, and in other narrations, it is narrated with the addition of ta’ 5, that is, Ne’ma tul Biddah’ has been mentioned.

In fact, “Biddah’ is that innovation which does not have any model in the past, and under “Shariyah’ it applies to that Innovation which is in contrast to the Sunnah of Rasul Allah, and in that case, it is “Mazmoom? {Evi/Blameworthy/Contemptible}!

Hence, the conclusion is that, if the “Biddah’ is “Mustahsan Permissible; under Islam then it is permissible and if it is Qabeeh’ {Deplorable/Disliked; in Islam then it is prohibited; Otherwise, it would be ‘Mubah’ {Permissible}, that is, practicing and not practicing upon it, is allowed. And sometimes, the ‘Ahkam? {Commands) are classified under five categories; therefore, ‘Biddah’ can also be classified under five types1”

 It is to be noted that by five types of “Ahkam’, it means “Farz’ {Obligatory), Mandub {Recommended). “Mubah’ {Permissible}, “Makruh’ {Objectionable) and ‘Haram’ {Prohibited) Imam Nawawi writes in his book, “Tahzib ul Asma wal Lugh at that: “Biddah (written with Zayr’ under Ba? is that new innovation that was not there during the pious times of the Beloved Rasul Allah, this refers to both good and bad!”

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