Principles from the lives of the Caliphs By Osman Nuri Topbas
PRINCIPLES FROM THE LIVES OF THE CALIPHS
The golden age of Islam was the most extraordinary period in human history in terms of virtue, justice, charity, and ethics. Because Prophet Muhammad r, whose internal soul many Muslims regard as the original cause of creation, was alive in the world at the period, it is known as the Golden Age.
The Prophet’s spiritual strength shaped the era in which he lived. And it became possible for many ordinary people to meet him regularly and come to know him well.
The people of that illustrious era arose from the gloom of violent ignorance to establish a culture of peaceful virtue. Then they attained knowledge peaks.
For this reason, therefore, members of this era are known as the Prophet’s Venerable Companions. In whatever they did, they stayed faithful to the Prophet.
As a result, the Companions are a distinct generation. They watched the Prophet’s actions and words and passed on the Prophet’s messages to subsequent generations.
The four succeeding leaders who governed the society after the Prophet became known as the Rightly-Guided Caliphs among the Prophet’s Companions.
They were forerunners in the development of an Islamic identity formed by the Prophet’s virtues. They were enamored with the Prophet, and as a result, they assimilated his character and ideals.
As a result, their hearts were transformed into sacred spaces where they might find divine love. They set an excellent example for all Muslims through their actions and words.
“The age of authentic caliphate after me is thirty years,” Prophet Muhammad r remarked of the worth of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs’ reign.
1 With these statements, the Prophet predicted that Muslims’ political life would decline after that period.
There was a period of calm and harmony before the decline began. And Abu Bakr, the first caliph, had a significant role in this.