Purification of the Soul

  • Book Title:
 Purification Of The Soul
  • Book Author:
Ibn Al-Jawziibn RajabImam Al-Ghazali
  • Total Pages
170
  • Size of Book:
3 Mb
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Purification of the Soul – Book Sample

Contents – Purification of the Soul

I   Sincerity …………………………………………….       3

2   The Nature of Intention ……………………..      9

3   Types of Heart ……………………………………    15

  • Symptoms of the Heart’s Sickness and Signs of its Health …………………… 19
  • The Four Poisons of the Heart ……………. 23
  • Remembrance of Allah and

Recitation of the Qur’an ………………… 37

  • Seeking Allah’s Forgiveness ……………… 43

8 Supplication ……………………………………… 47

9 Invoking Blessings on the Prophet  53

10 Praying at Night ……………………………….. 57

11 Doing Without the Pleasures

of this World ………………………………… 61

12 The States of the Self …………………………. 69

13 Perseverance …………………………………….. 85

14 Gratitude ..,.,…,…………………………………………. 99

15 Complete Reliance on Allah……………… 105

16 Love of Allah …………………………………….. 109

17 Contentment with the Decree of Allah 117

18 Hope in Allah …………………………………… 121

19 Fear of Allah ……………………………………… 127

20 The Life of This World ………………………. 137

21 Repentance ……………………………………….. 151

Glossary of Arabic Terms ……………………….. 165

Author preface

All praise is for Allah. We praise Him and seek. His assistance. We ask. for His forgiveness and take refuge in Him from the evil within ourselves and from the evil of our deeds. He whom Allah guides will never be diverted yet whomever He sends astray will never find his way. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, alone, He has no partner, and I bear witness that Muhammed is His servant and messenger, may Your blessings and peace be on him and on his family and on his companions.

One of the most important tasks for which the Prophet of this nation, Muhammed ti, was sent was the purifica­tion of the soul. Allah says, speaking of this mission,

 It is He who sent to an illiterate people a messenger from amongst themselves, reciting to them His signs and purifying them and teaching them the Book. and the wisdom even though before they were dearly in error. ((62:2))

So whoever truly hopes ror Allah and the Last Day should have a special interest in the pur1hcation of his own soul, for Allah has linked the success of His servant with the purity of his soul, after making eleven consecutive oaths. There is not to be found in the Qur’an another oath such as this. Allah says:

By the sun and his brightness, and the moon when she follows him, and the day when it reveals him, and the night when it enshrouds him, and the heaven and Him Who built it, And the earth and Him Who spread it out, and a soul and Him Who perfected it and in­spired it with awareness of what is wrong for it and what is right for it, he is indeed successful who purifies it, and he is indeed a failure who neglects it. ((91:1-10))

The word tazkiat means to purify or to cleanse; the word zakat comes from the same root, since zakat purifies wealth by the recognition of Allah’s right over a portion of it

It has now become difficult for us to benefit directly from the books of raqa ‘iq (books on subjects which affect the emotions) written by the first generations of Muslim scholars. Most of these are large books comprising many volumes and are difficult for most Muslims to have access to; in addition to this they frequently contain weak and fabricated reports. Thus we have set out to compile a col­lection of the most reliable reports which have come to us from some of the scholars whose expertise lay in the field of dawa: Imam Shamsudin ibn al-Qayyim, Ibn Rajah al­Hanbali, and Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali. It is our sincere desire that this book will be a useful resource and ulti­mately prove to be of benefit on that Day when neither money nor children will be of benefit, for none will benefit except for those who come with a pure heart.

SINCERITY – Purification of the Soul

Sincerity is the freeing of one’s intentions from all impurities in order to come nearer to Allah. It is to ensure that the intentions behind all acts of worship and obedience to Allah are exclusively for His pleasure. It is the perpetual contemplation of the Creator, to the extent that one forgets the creation.

Sincerity is a condition for Allah’s acceptance of good deeds performed in accordance with the sunnah of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Allah has commanded this in the Qur’an:

And they have been commanded to worship only Al­lah, being sincere towards Him in their aeen and true. ((98:5))

Abu Umama has related that a man once came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, “What of a man who joined us in the fighting, his in­tention being for fame and booty?” The Prophet said, “He receives nothing.” The man repeated the question three times and each time the Prophet said, “He receives noth­ing”. Then he said, “Allah only accepts actions that are in­tended purely for His pleasure.”

Abu Sa’id al-Khudri related that the Prophet said in his khutbah during the farewell pilgrimage, “Allah will bless whoever hears these words and whoever under­stands them, for it may be that those who pass on this knowledge are not those who will understand it the best. There are three things concerning which the heart of a be­liever should feel no enmity or malice: devoting one’s ac­tions to Allah, giving counsel to the Imams of the Muslims, and being loyal to the majority.

What is meant here is that these three things strengthen the heart, and whoever distinguishes himself in them will have a heart purified from all manner of deceit, corruption and evil.

A servant can only free himself from shaytan through sincere devotion, for Allah tells us in the Quran that Iblis said to Him:

Except those of Your servants who are sincere. ((38:83))

It has been related that a righteous man used to say, “0 self, be devout and you will be pure.” When any worldly fortune, in which the self finds comfort and towards which the heart inclines, intrudes upon our worship, then it im­pairs the purity of our efforts and ruins our sincerity. Man is preoccupied with his good fortune and immersed in his desires and appetites; rarely are his actions or acts of wor­ship free of temporary objectives and desires of this kind. For this reason, it has been said that whoever secures a sin­gle moment of pure devotion to Allah in his life will sur­vive, for devotion is rare and precious, and cleansing the heart of its impurities is an exacting undertaking.

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