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Science and Religion An Introduction pdf

Alister E. McGrath Science and Religion An Introduction.pdf
book-icon-openmaktabaBook Title: Science and Religion An Introduction
author-icon-openmaktabaBook Author: Alister E. McGrath
number-of-pages-icon-openmaktabaTotal Pages: 269
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page _ 5< previous pagepage_5next page >Page 5Scripture”. The origins of this method lie specifically in the distinction between the literal and spiritual senses.Scripture possesses four different senses. In addition to the literal sense, three non-literal senses could bedistinguished: the allegorical, defining what Christians are to believe; the tropological or moral, defining whatChristians are to do; and the anagogical, defining what Christians were to hope for. The four senses of Scripturewere thus the following:I The literal sense of Scripture, in which the text could be taken at face value.2 The allegorical sense, which interpreted certain passages of Scripture to produce statements of doctrine. Thosepassages tended to be either obscure, or to have a literal meaning which was unacceptable, for theological reasons,to their readers.3 The tropological or moral sense, which interpreted such passages to produce ethical guidance for Christianconduct. The anagogical sense, which interprets passages to indicate the grounds of Christian hope, pointing toward thefuture fulfillment of the divine promises in the New Jerusalem.A potential weakness was avoided by insisting that nothing should be believed on the basis of a non-literal sense ofScripture, unless it could first be established on the basis of the literal sense. This insistence on the priority of theliteral sense of Scripture may be seen as an implied criticism of the allegorical approach adopted by Origen, whichvirtually allowed interpreters of Scripture to read into any passage whatever “spiritual” interpretations they liked.By the high noon of the Middle Ages, a sophisticated approach to biblical interpretation had therefore been set inplace, which allowed some biblical passages to be interpreted literally, and others in nonliteral senses. Augustinestressed the importance of respecting the conclusions of the sciences in relation to biblical exegesis. As Augustinehimself stressed in his commentary on Genesis, certain passages were genuinely open to diverse interpretations; itwas therefore important to allow further scientific research to assist in the determination of which was the mostappropriate mode of interpretation for a given passage:In matters that are so obscure and far beyond our vision, we find in Holy Scripture passages which can beinterpreted in very different ways without prejudice to the faith we have received. In such cases, we shouldnot rush in< previous pagepage_5next page >15: 17:42]

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