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The Explanation Of The Beautiful and Perfect Names Of Allaah pdf

Book Title The Explanation Of The Beautiful And Perfect Names Of Allaah
Book AuthorAbdur Rahman al-Sadi
Total Pages34
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The Explanation Of The Beautiful and Perfect Names Of Allaah


Ar-Rabb (The Lord)

This name has been repeatedly mentioned in many verses. Ar- Rabb is the One Who nurtures and sustains all of His servants through regulating the affairs and granting all types of favours and blessings. More specifically, He is the One Who nurtures and sus- tains his sincere friends by correcting and purifying their hearts, souls and manners. This is why their supplications are frequently made with this Noble Name because they seek this specific nurtur- ing.

“And your Lord is Most Forgiving, Owner of Mercy. Were He to call them to account for what they had earned then surely He would have has- tened on their punishment. But they have their appointed time beyond which they will find no escape.” (18:58)


He is the One and Only Deity, the One Who is Worshipped and the One Who deserves to be worshipped by the whole of His creation, due to the Perfect Godly Attributes that He is described with.

“Allaah! There is none worthy of worship but He, the Living, the Sustaining. Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him. To Him belongs whatso- ever is in the heavens and the earth. Who is there that can intercede with Him except with

His Permission? He Knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world and in the Hereafter. They will not encompass anything of His Knowledge except that which He Wills. His Footstool extends over the heavens and the earth and he feels no fatigue in guarding them. He is the Most High, the Most Great.” (2:25)

Al-Malik (The King), al-Maalik (The Master and Owner), Al- ladhee lahu al-Mulk (the One to Whom belongs the domin- ion)

He is described with the Attribute of The Master and Owner. These are Attributes of Grandeur, Majesty, Omnipotence and Regulation of the affairs of creation.

The One Who directs all of the affairs to do with creation, command and recompense. To Him belongs the whole of Creation, all of it is subservient, owned and in continuous need of Him.

“Then High above all be Allaah, the True King. And be not in haste with the Qur’aan before its revelation is completed and say: My Lord! In- crease me in knowledge.” (29:114)

“Say: O Allaah! Owner of the dominion, You give the kingdom to whom You will and You take the kingdom from whom You will. You endue with honour whom You will and You humiliate whom You will. In your Hand is the good. Indeed You are Able to do all things.” (3:26)

Al-Waahid, al-Ahad (The One)

He is the One Who is singled out in all aspects of Perfection such that nothing else shares with Him in these. It is obligatory upon the servants to single Him out alone in belief, speach and action by acknowledging His unrestricted perfection, His uniqueness and sin- gling Him out Alone for all types of worship.

” ‘O two companions of the prison! Are many dif- ferent lords better or Allaah, the One, the Irre- sistable?’ ” (12:39)

“Say: I am only a warner and there is no god ex- cept Allaah the One, the Irresistable.” (38:65)

As-Samad (The Self-Sufficient)

He is the One upon Whom the whole of creation relies upon in all of their needs, predicaments and necessities. This due to His unre- stricted perfection with regards to His Essence, His Names, His Attributes and His Actions.

“Say: He is Allaah the One * Allaah the Self- Sufficient.” (112:1-2)

Al-Aleem (the All-Knowing), al-Khabeer (the All-Aware)

He is the One Whose Knowledge encompasses all the outward and hidden matters, the open and secret, all those things that must necessarily occur, all those things that are impossible to occur and all things that can possibly occur, of the affairs of the whole of creation, of the past, the present and the future. There is abso- lutely nothing that is hidden from Him.

“Verily Allaah! With Him (Alone) is the knowl- edge of the Hour, he sends down the rain and knows what is in the wombs. No person knows what he will earn tomorrow and no person knows in what land he will die. Indeed Allaah is All-Knowing, All-Aware.” (31-34)

“O Mankind! We have created you from a male and a female and made you into nations and tribes that you may know each other. Verily, the most honourable of you in the Sight of Allaah is the most God-Fearing of you. Indeed Allaah is the All-Knower, the All-Aware.” (49:13)

The Explanation Of The Beautiful and Perfect Names Of Allaah

Al-Hakeem (the All-Wise)

He is the One to Whom belongs the highest wisdom, the One Who is All-Wise in His creating and commanding, Who perfected every- thing He created,

“.and Who is better than Allaah in judgement for a people who have firm faith?” (5:50)

Therefore He has created nothing out of mere frivolity and He has legislated nothing that is vain and of no use.

 The One to Whom belongs wisdom in the beginning and the end. He has three areas of ruling which nothing else has a share in: He rules between His servants with respect to His Law, His Decree and His Recompense. Wisdom is to place something in its correct place.

“For those who believe not in the Hereafter is an evil description and for Allaah is the highest de- scription. He is the All-Mighty, All-Wise.” (16:60)

“It is He Who is the only God worshipped in the heaven and the on the earth. He is theAll-Wise, the All-Knowing.” (43:84)

Ar-Rahmaan (The Most Beneficent), ar-Raheem (the Most Merciful), al-Barr (The Generous), al-Kareem (the Kind), al-Jawwaad (The Bestower of  Good),  ar-Ra’oof  (the  Kind),  al- Wahhaab (The Bestower)

All of these Names are close in meaning, and all of them point to describing the Lord with Mercy, Generosity, Kindness, and to the great expanse of His Mercy and Generosity that encompasses all that is in existence, being granted in accordance to what His Wisdom dictates.

The believers have been specifically singled out for this, and they are granted a goodly and the best portion of this, as Allaah said,

“My Mercy encompasses all things and I shall decree it for those who have taqwaa.” (7:56)

So the blessings and the good are all from the effects of His Mercy, Generosity and Kindness just as all the goodness in this world and in the Hereafter is from the effects of His Mercy.

” ‘Verily, we used to invoke Him Alone before. Verily He is the Generous, the Most Merciful.’ ” (52:28)

“O man! What has made you careless concerning your Lord, the Kind.” (82:6)

“And had it not been for the Grace of Allaah and His Mercy on you, (Allaah would have hastened the Punishment). And that Allaah is the Kind, the Most Merciful.” (24:20)

“(They say): ‘Our Lord, let not our hearts deviate after You have guided us and grant us Mercy from You. Truly you are the Bestower.’ ” (3:8)

The Explanation Of The Beautiful and Perfect Names Of Allaah

As-Samee’ (the All-Hearing)

The One Who hears all sounds and voices, in all of their different languages and all their many and various needs.

“Say: if they believe as you (O Prophet and Companions) believe then they are rightly guided, but if they turn away then they are only in opposition. So Allaah will suffice you against them and He is the All-Hearing, the All- Knowing.” (2:137)

“And Allaah judges with truth while those to whom they invoke besides Him cannot judge anything. Indeed Allaah is

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