The Islamic Way of Life (Islam ka Nizam-e-Hayat) By Abul A’la Mawdudi
THE ISLAMIC WAY OF LIFE
- The Moral System of Islam –
- Essential Features of the Islamic Political System –
- The Islamic Social Order –
- The Economic Principles of Islam –
- The Spiritual Path in Islam –
The chief characteristic of Islam is that it makes no distinction between the spiritual and the secular in life.
It aims to shape both individual lives as well as society as a whole in ways that will ensure that the Kingdom of God may be established on earth and that peace, contentment, and well-being may fill the world.
The Islamic way of life is thus based on a unique concept of man’s place in the universe.
That is why it is necessary that, before we discuss the moral, social, political, and economic systems of Islam, we should have a clear idea of what that concept is.
God, who is the Creator, the Ruler, and the Lord of the universe, has created man and provided him with a temporary home in that part of His vast kingdom which is the earth.
He has endowed man with the faculties of thinking and understanding and has given him the power to distinguish right from wrong.
Man has also been invested with free will and the power to use the resources of the world however he likes. That is, man has a measure of autonomy while being at the same time God’s representative on earth. 2.
Before assigning to man this vicegerency (Khilafat), God made it clear to him that He alone was the Lord, the Ruler, and the Deity. As such, the entire universe and all creatures in it (including man) should submit to Him alone.
Man must not think himself free and must realize that this earth is not his permanent abode.
He has been created to live on it only for a probationary period and, in due course, he will return to his Lord, to be judged according to the way he has spent that period.
The only right course for man is to acknowledge God as the only Lord, the Sustainer, and the Deity, and to follow His guidance and His commands in all he does. His sole objective should be to merit the approval of Allah.