The Replication Of Violence -Thoughts On International Terrorism
THE REPLICATION OF VIOLENCE
I should also clarify here that this study is not an attempt to find the causes or explanations for the terrorist attacks of 11 September.
No historical material or social-cultural research is examined for that end. I have not had access to media representations and discussions and debates that must have appeared with equal intensity in countries in the Middle East and elsewhere.
I have not attempted to speculate on perspectives that might have prevailed there, or anywhere else outside the United States and Western Europe.
The observations and arguments in this study are confined to and conditional on the material to which I had access.
I am grateful to my colleagues in the Literature Department of the Open University for leaving me enough time to pursue this study, and to Wolfson College Oxford for the award of a Charter Fellowship; on taking this up I was given resources and space which I have used to write this book.
Thanks, are also due to the center for Research in Human Rights at the University of Surrey Roehampton for giving me access to the resources available there.
I am indebted to Martin Jenkins, Joy Christian, and Xiao Cheng for making sug¬ questions and discussing ideas that figure in it. I am grateful to Roger van Zwanenberg for supporting it and undertaking its publication, and to Anthony Winder for his painstaking editing.
Any mistakes that are found in the following are my responsibility.