The Study Quran
THE STUDY QURAN
The Quran is for Muslims the verbatim Word of God revealed during the twenty-three-year period of the prophetic mission of the Prophet Muhammad through the agency of the Archangel Gabriel (Jibril or Jabrail).
The meaning, the language, and every word and letter in the Quran, its sound when recited, and its text written upon various physical surfaces are all considered sacred.
The Quran was an oral revelation in Arabic first heard by the Prophet and later written down in the Arabic alphabet in a book consisting of 114 surahs (chapters) and over 6,200 verses (ayat), arranged according to an order that was also revealed.
Considered the Book (al-Kitab) by all Muslims, it has many names, such as al-Furqan (“the Criterion”) and al-Huda (“the Guide”), but its most commonly used name is al-Quran, which means “the Recitation.”
In the same way that Christians refer to their sacred scripture as the Holy Bible, Muslims usually refer to theirs as al-Quran al-Majid (“the Glorious Quran”; 50:1; 85:21) or al-Quran al-Karim (“the Noble Quran”; 56:77).
Known in English as the Quran (also Koran), it is the central theophany of Islam and the basic source and root of all that is authentically Islamic, from metaphysics, angelology, and cosmology to law and ethics, from the various arts and sciences to social structures, economics, and even political thought.
The Quran is the constant companion of Muslims in the journey of life. Its verses are the first sounds recited into the ear of the newborn child. It is recited during the marriage ceremony, and its verses are usually the last words that a Muslim hears upon the approach of death.
In traditional Islamic society, the sound of the recitation of the Quran was ubiquitous, and it determined the space in which men and women lived their daily lives; this is still true to a large extent in many places even today.
Seyyed Hossein Nasr supervised the entire Study Quran, including selecting the editorial board and essay authors; editing the translation, commentary, and essays; and overseeing the style and scope of the translation and commentary.
Caner K. Dagli wrote the commentary for surahs 2-3, 8-9, and 21-28, was the primary translator for sūrahs 2-3, 8-9, and 22-28, and was an editor for the remainder of the translation and commentary; he also conceived and supervised the design of the book. Maria Massi Dakake wrote the commentary for surahs 4-7 and 16-19, was the primary translator for sūrahs 4-7, 10-12, and 14-21, and was an editor for the remainder of the translation and commentary.
Joseph E. B. Lumbard wrote the commentary for sūrahs 1 and 29-114, was the primary translator for surahs 1, 13, and 29-114, and was an editor for the remainder of the translation and commentary. Mohammed Rustom wrote the commentary for sūrahs 10-15 and 20 and contributed to editing other parts of the commentary and the translation.
Major funding for The Study Quran was provided by:
- The Institute for Religion and Civic Values The El-Hibri Foundation
- The following organizations and individuals provided additional support:
- His Majesty King Abdallah II
- The Ali Vural Ak Center for Global Islamic Studies The Radius Foundation
- Sheikh Abdul Rahman and Sadiqua Rahman Steve and Debra York
- The Islamic Speakers Bureau of Atlanta