||The Sunnah And Its Role In Islamic Legislation|
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The Sunnah and its Role in Islamic Legislation- Book Sample
Introduction – The Sunnah and its Role in Islamic Legislation- Book Sample
In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
praise is for Allah, Who has legislated rulings for His slaves in a e: All Clear Book and has commissioned the seal of Prophets Messengers, Muhannnad – Blessings and peace be and to clarify its detailed rulings. May the peace and salutations upon of him), Allah be upon him, his family, his Companions-who conveyed the revelation and were trustees of the truth, calling to the path of upon guidance – and all those who follow him until the Day Allah of Judgment.
We are living in an age of turmoil and strife, when peace and justice are almost absent throughout the globe. The systems and laws invented by human beings have yet to prove that they can solve human society’s problems – wars, societal ills, and mental malaise.
Muslims, we believe that the world has no choice – if happiness As and peace are to be achieved – except to return to Allah’s pure and pristine teachings, which are free of distortion and The message of Islam is the culmination of those teachings, change.for provides a system of laws that are suitable for every epoch and that it fulfill the needs of man in all places and times.
Sharia of Islam – with its primary sources along derived The rulings of its scholars and Imams – is vast in its scope with of teachings and laws, supplying a ruling for every occurrence and a solution for every problem. It erects the scales of justice among individuals, societies, and governments. The individuals that make up the Muslim Nation lean toward peace when others do the same; but they defend the honor of their faith and the true meaning of freedom when others lean toward transgression against Islam.
The sources of Islamic legislation are preserved; they are known and trusted by Muslims. For the most part, the Qur’ an – the first source of Islamic legislation – consists of general and universal principles in rulings and legislations. On the other hand, the Sunnah explains those principles, branching off from universal principles into specific issues, a reality that is known to all who have a sufficient background in the Sunnah. An inevitable result, then, is that the scholars of Islam must rely – and have relied – on the Sunnah for gaining knowledge of Islamic rulings.
In the past, the Sunnah faced attacks froni certain sects who ascribed themselves to Islam; today it faces attacks from Orientalists, missionaries (of other faiths), and others whose sole purpose is to destroy the solid foundation of Islamic legislation; unfortunately, some writers from our Nation have been deceived into following them in their views. However much they plot and plan, their attacks cannot have a palpable effect when counteracted by irrefutable proofs and dignified scholarly research.
In 1358 AH/1939 CE, I met with many people from the Muslim world who were influenced by the ideas of the Orientalists, and I attempted to persuade them of the truth and to remove any doubts about Islam they had in their minds. And that is what led me to embarking on a study of the Sunnah and its role in Islamic legislation.
In presenting the findings of that study, I clarified the stages the Sunnah went through in history as well as the efforts of the scholars to preserve it and purify it from fabrications. Much of this work addresses the claims of those who have attacked the Sunnah from the past and present, in the end showing the purity and light of the Snnnah. I concluded the work with short biographies of some of the Scholars of Islam, particularly those who played a role in preserving the Sunnah or in deriving Islamic legislations from it. I have divided this book into three sections and ended it with an appendix:
Contents – The Sunnah and its Role in Islamic Legislation- Book Sample
- Section One: The Meaning of the Sunnah and how it was
- Transmitted and Recorded
- Chapter One: The Definition of the Sunnah and the Stance of
- the Companions vis-a-vis the Sunnah
- Chapter Two: Fabrications – How They Originated? When?
- And Why?
- Chapter Three: The Efforts of the Scholars to Purify and
- Authenticate the Sunnah
- Chapter Four: The Fruits of their Efforts
- Section Two: Opponents of the Sunnah
- Chapter One: The Sunnah vis-a-vis the Shi’ah and Khawarij
- Chapter Two: The Sunnah vis-a-vis the Mu ‘tazilah and the
- Chapter Three: The Sunnah vis-a-vis those from the Early
- Centuries who Rejected its Legislative Status
- Chapter Four: The Sunnah vis-a-vis Contemporary Personalities who Reject it
- Chapter Five: The Sunnah Narrations vis-a-vis those who Reject Ahad
- Chapter Six: The Sunnah vis-a-vis the Orientalists
- Chapter Seven: The Snnnah vis-a-vis Certain Contemporary
- Section Three: The Sunnah’s Ranking in Islamic Legislation
- Chapter One: The Ranking of the Sunnah in Relation to the Qur’ an
- Chapter Two: How does the Qur’an Encompass the Sunnah?
- Chapter Three: The Sunnah Abrogating the Qur’an and the Qur’an
- Abrogating the Sunnah
- Appendix: Biographies of Some of the Great Mujtahideen and Hadith Scholars of Islam:
The Definition of Sunnah
According to its original meaning in the Arabic language,
Sunnah means a way, regardless of whether the intended way is Sunnah praiseworthy or detestable. The Messenger of Allah () said, «Whoever sets a precedent for a good Sunnah, then he has its reward and the reward of all who apply it until the Day of Resurrection… ((Related by Muslim in a hadith narrated by Jareer ibn ‘Abdullah al-Bajalee))
The meaning of ‘Sunnah’ as an Islamic term depends on who is defining it – that is, it depends on the branch of Islamic knowledge that one specializes in:
- The definition of ‘Sunnah’ accoriling to the scholar of hadith: All that has been related from the Prophet () – from his speech, actions, approvals, physical or moral attributes, or biography, regardless of whether any of above is from the period before the first revelation or after it. And as such, ‘Sunnah’ is a synonym of Hadith
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To this scholar, Sunnah might also mean that which an Islamic proof indicates, regardless of whether that proof is the Noble Qur’ an, the Prophet’s Sunnah, or the ijtihlid ((To use one’s knowledge of the Qur’an and the Sunnah to derive rulings on matters not specifically mentioned in either source of Islamic law.)) of a Companion. For example, to him, what ‘Uthman (.) did in terms of making people stick to one recitation is Sunnah. The Prophet () said, «You must follow my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly-guided Caliphs after me. » The opposite of Sunnah in this sense is bid’ah ((Innovation.)).
3. According to the scholar of fiqh ((Jurisprudence.)): That which is established from the Prophet (ffi), but is not obligatory. To a faqeeh ((Scholar of jurisprudence.)). ‘Sunnah’ sometimes simply means the opposite of bid ‘ah , which is why scholars say, ‘The Sunnah divorce’, and ‘The Bid’ah divorce’.
The Prophet’s speech is a part of the first and second definition. His speech, then, includes all that he spoke on different occasions when what he said had to do with Islamic legislations, such as his saying, «Deeds are based on intentions», or his saying, «The choice (to rescind) remains with the buyer and seller as long as they do not part from one another» ((Related by Bukhari and Muslim from ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him).)).
The Prophet’s actions include all that the Companions related from the Prophet’s deeds in affairs of worship and otherwise. For example, the way in which he prayed, fasted, or performed Hajj, or for instance, his ruling based on one witness and an oath. The Prophet’s approval refers to any occasion on which he approved of an action that issued from his Companions. He might ….
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