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All About Ramadan pdf download

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 All About Ramadan
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Requirements for the validity of fasting

  1. Abstaining from food, drink, smoking, and sexual intercourse with one’s wife from dawn to sunset each day in Ramadan.
  2. Having the correct intention, i.e., intending to fast the month of Ramadan in compliance with Allah’s command.

Sunnan (desirable acts) of fasting

  • To take a night meal (Suhuur) as close to the time of Fajr as possible.
  • To break the fast as soon as one is sure that the sun has set.
  • To say the du`aa’ that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to say at Iftar (the time one breaks one’s fast).
  • To avoid any act that is contradictory to fasting.
  • To do good deeds: give charity, tarawih, Qur’an, dhikr, etc.

7. What invalidates the fast?

First: What breaks the fast and requires only qada’ (making up for the days one did not fast in Ramadan)

  1. Eating or drinking
  2. Deliberately causing one’s self to vomit
  3. The onset of menstruation or post delivery bleeding
  4. Ejaculation for reasons other than sexual intercourse or wet dreams

Second: what breaks the fast and requires qada’ and kaffarah:

Sexual intercourse; it breaks the fast, and requires qada’ and kaffarah, which is to set a slave free; if a slave is not available, he must fast for two continuous months. If he is not able to do this, then he must feed 60 persons one average- sized meal each.

Acts which do not invalidate the fast

  1. Bathing
  2. Wearing Kuhl
  3. Kissing one’s wife or husband if he/she is able to control himself/herself
  4. Rinsing: rinsing the mouth or nostrils with water provided that it is not overdone
  5. Swallowing unavoidable things such as one’s saliva
  6. Tasting food
  7. Taking injections
  8. Smelling flowers or wearing perfumes, etc.
  9. Experiencing a wet dream
  10. Eating or drinking due to forgetfulness
  11. Involuntarily vomiting.

Types of fasting

First: Obligatory: That is the fasting of the month of Ramadan.

Second: Forbidden:

  1. Fasting on `Eidul-Fitr or `Eidul-Adha
  2. Fasting the days of Tashreeq: 2nd, 3rd, and 4th days of `Eidul-Adha
  3. The wife’s optional fast in the presence of her husband without his consent

Third: Desirable Fasting

  1. Fasting 6 days during the month of Shawwal
  2. Fasting the day of `Arafah, 9th of Dhul Hijjah provided that the person is not offering Hajj
  3. Fasting the 10th of Muharram, and if possible the 9th and the 11th of the same month as well
  4. Fasting as many days as possible during the month of Sha`ban
  5. Fasting during the months of Ragab, Dhul Qi`dah, Dhul Hijjah
  6. Fasting on Mondays and Thursdays
  7. Fasting the 13th, 14th, and 15th of every lunar nth

Women and I`tikaf

It is permissible for women to perform I`tikaf in the mosque — provided they have special arrangements for them to do so. Most of the mosques, however, do not have adequate facilities for women. Sadly enough, we find women often being relegated to a dark room or crowded corner, which is indeed a disgrace to womanhood. It is undoubtedly against the teachings of our beloved Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), as he always ordered us to treat them with respect and dignity.

So until proper arrangements are made for women to observe the Sunnah of I`tikaf in the mosque, it is better that they do it in their own homes. For, as scholars and jurists such as Imam Abu Hanifah have ruled, women may perform the Sunnah of I`tikaf in their own Musalla (prayer place) at home.

Women, however, need not despair; they should recall an important point raised by Imam Shah Waliullah in his study of the philosophy of Shari`ah. He says that the Shari`ah is based on a fine principle of compensation, which allows a person who cannot do a certain act of worship to reap the same reward by doing what is within his/her ability, according to his/her circumstances or means. This is because of the fact that the Shari`ah is based on the infinite mercy of Allah, Who dispenses His graces freely to all of His servants.

Seeking Laylatul-Qadr

Laylat Al-Qadr is the most virtuous night in the year. Almighty Allah says in the Qur’an:

[We have indeed revealed this (Message) in the Night of Power: And what will explain to thee what the night of power is? The Night of Power is better than a thousand months.] (Al-Qadr 97: 1-3)

Thus, every Muslim should strive hard not to miss the opportunity of obtaining multiple rewards in these blessed days. One should draw nearer and nearer to Allah to get the blessings of Laylat Al-Qadr in the last third of Ramadan.

Imam Ahmad and Muslim narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) used to strive harder in worship during the last ten days of Ramadan than he ever did at any other time; praying, reciting the Qur’an, and making du`aa’. Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrated from `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) that when the last ten days of Ramadan came, the Prophet (peace and blessings of be upon him) would stay up at night and also wake his family up, and would abstain from marital relations.

Moreover, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) enjoined staying up and praying during Laylat Al-Qadr out of faith and in the hope of reward. It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said,

“Whoever stays up and prays during Laylat Al-Qadr out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The previous hadith indicates that it is prescribed to observe Laylat Al-Qadr by spending the night in Prayer.

One of the best supplications that may be recited on Laylat Al-Qadr is that which the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) taught to `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her). At- Tirmidhi narrated, classing the report as authentic, that `A’ishah said,

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