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fate and destiny AL-QADA AND AL-QADAR pdf download

fate and destiny
  • Book Title:
Fate And Destiny Al Qada And Al Qadar
  • Book Author:
Mohamed Metwalli Al-Sharawii
  • Total Pages
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FATE And destiny – Sample Book

Fate and Destiny (Al-Qadaa wa Al-Qadar)1

There has not been a topic that is more likely discussed, argued and debated as that topic of Al-Qadaa wa Al-Qadar. That’s because everyone wants to argue it, whether one is knowledgeable or ignorant about it. And a question being always asked is whether everything happening to us is pre-destined? So why is the call to Account then? And can I do anything that is not by the will of Allah? The questioning goes even further; if this is the truth, where I can’t do except what Allah has determined for me, why Allah punishes me by sending me to Hell? Is it just to be called to Account in the Hereafter?

You will find that, this question is asked only by those who has transgressed against their souls and disobeyed Allah. On the other hand, you will not find anyone saying, that since everything is pre-determined by Allah, then why will Allah bless me with the Jannah2? Definitely, that is a question that you never hear. You always hear people saying that the call to Account is unjust, because our actions have already been pre-destined by Allah.

Allah (SWT3) has given man the freedom of choice throughout his life. From here came the debate; that is some people would think that the freedom of choice given to man conflicts with the consent of Allah in His universe, which is very far from the truth.

And those people refer to Al-Ayaat Alkarima4

<<But ye will not, unless Allah wills; for Allah is full of Knowledge and Wisdom>>

Ayah 30 from surat Al-Insan

They also refer to the words of Allah (SWT) to Al-Rasoul (PBUH)5

<<Verily,you (O Muhamed PBUH) will not be able to guide whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills>> Ayah 56 from surat Al-Qasas

And Allah also says

<<For Allah leaves to stray whom He wills, and guides whom He wills>> Ayah 8 from surat Fatir

So, if those are the Ayat and this is the will of Allah, how are we called to Account on the Day of Resurrection?

Here we can say that Allah (SWT) has what He wills in His creation. There is nothing in the universe of Allah that can be considered to be exempt from his decree. This is the mere truth that we start with, and we can add to this the fact that the people are themselves contributing to their destruction. And that they will deserve either the punishment or the mercy of Allah according to their own deeds, as Allah (Galla Gallaloh)6 says

<<Verily Allah will not deal unjustly with man in aught; it is man that wrongs his

own soul>> Ayah 44 from surat Yunus

Universe and Choice

Allah (TWT)7 created the whole universe on the basis of choice. There are creatures that had the option to choose only once and their choice was to be oppressed. And there are others who have chosen to be given the right of successive choice so that each of them would have the freedom of choice throughout his life (Al-Hayat Al-Donya8).

There are Angels that Allah did not inform us about how they have been created. They glorify Allah day and night and they never disobey what Allah has decreed. As Allah (Gal Galaloh) says

<<They (the angels) glorify His Praises night and day, they never slacken (to do so)>> Ayah 20 from Surat Al-Anbiya’a

And Allah (SWT) also says

<<(angels) who disobey not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded>> Ayah 6 from surat At-Tahrim

Those are the angels that Allah (SWT) keeps in charge for whatever He wills throughout the universe. There is an angel in charge of every single thing in the universe according to the Will of Allah (Galla Galaloh). Among those angels are the Lifters of the Throne and the ones nearest to Al-Haqq9 (SWT). There are also the uppermost angels, the angels of death, the angels that are in charge of man, like Al-Hafaza Al-Keram10 who write down man’s acts, and many other angels.

All creatures except man and Al-Jin11 have deliberately chosen to be oppressed.

If we read what Al-Haqq (SWT) says,

<< Truly, We did offer Al-Amanah (the Trust) to the heavens, and the earth, and the mountains, but they declined to bear it and were afraid of it, but man bore it. Verily, he was unjust (to himself) and ignorant (of its results)>> Ayah 72 from surat Al-Ahzab

Then we will know that the heavens, the earth, the mountains and all other creatures were offered Al-Amanah, which is the freedom of choice. That is they were offered to be free to choose and to be able to obey or disobey. But all those creatures except man and Al-Jin refused the offer of choice. They all said to Allah that they can’t handle themselves nor Al-Amanah and they asked Allah to make them oppressed.

And if Allah (SWT) had not informed us about that in His book the Qura’an, we would not have known that the offer of choice was there for all His creatures, that they refused to carry Al-Amanah that man has accepted and that they preferred to be oppressed.

But let’s explain what is Al-Amanah. Al-Amanah is what another person leaves with you on a condition that he gets it back whenever he wants. He would leave Al-Amanah with you because you are trustworthy and this trust has to be without any written proof or any eyewitness. For example, if someone gave you some money and he got a receipt, a bank check or a money draft in return, it is not considered Amanah. It is considered a certified deposit.

Also if someone left the money with you in the presence of some people, it is still not considered Amanah, but a witnessed deposit. It is called Amanah only if that trust was between the two of you, with no witness or proof. And Allah (TWT) offered Al- Amanah to the heavens, earth and mountains, but they all rejected it. Why? Because they felt they are incapable of returning it. That is because if someone left you some money as Amanah, you might hit some bad times and turn towards some of that money hoping that you can return it later. And you might even spend all the money, thinking that you will be able to return it by the time it is due. But actually when the time comes, you can’t get the money and by this, you have wasted Al-Amanh. So man before bearing Al-Amanah thought that he would be able to return it and that he would follow the law of Allah and pay back His rights (SWT) by praying, thanking Allah, serving Him and doing all what Allah orders him.

When man started the journey of bearing Al-Amanah, that is this life (Al-Hayat Al-Donia), the devil – Al-Shytan12 – seduced him, so he started doing sins and believed in more than one God. Eventually, man started believing in and serving the stones, the sun, the moon, the stars, the animal and more. By doing that he wasted Al-Amanah, and by the time Al-Amanah is due, when death approaches him, he is to meet Allah unable to pay back Al-Amanah that he chose to bear.

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