Fiqh Made Easy
  • Book Title:
 Fiqh Made Easy
  • Book Author:
Saalih al-Sadlaan
  • Total Pages
184
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FIQH MADE EASY – Book Sample

Table of Contents – FIQH MADE EASY

  • TRANSLATOR’S INTRODUCTION 1
  • INTRODUCTION 5
  • PART ONE: ACTS OF WORSHIP 9
  • CHAPTER ONE: PURITY                     11
  • INTRODUCTION 11
  • Definition 11
  • The Di,ff’erent Types11

TOPIC ONE: A DISCUSSION OF WATER    12

  • Water That Is Purifying  12
  • (2) Water That Is Pure [But Which Cannot Be Used As A Puri,fj;ing Agent]     13
  • Impure Water 13
  • Related Points 13

TOPIC Two: CONTAINERS AND UTENSILS 14

  • Definition    14
  • The Different Types of Containers and Utensils 14
  • The ls lamic Ruling Concerning Utensils     15
  • The Containers and Utensils of Non-Muslims 15
  • Related Points 16

TOPIC THREE: IMPURITIES AND THEIR RULINGS16

  • Definition 16
  • The Types of Impurities 17
  • The Categories of Impurities   17
  • Agreed Upon Impurities 17
  • Impurities Concerning Which There is
  • Some Disagreement 18
  • Impurities Pardoned by the Shareeah 18
  • The Manner of Purifying [or Removing) Impurities 19

TOPIC FOUR: ETIQUETTE AND CLEANING ONESELF AFTER RELIEVING ONESELF 19

TOPIC FIVE: THE ACTS CORRESPONDING TO THE NATURE OF HUMANS (SUNAN AL-FITRA)             21

  • Definition 21
  • The Sunan al-Fitra ((i):zi}I 21
  • TOPIC SIX: ABLUTION {WUDHU)22
  • Definition of al-Wudhu (( }l22
  • The Virtues of Wudhu 23
  • The Prerequisites for the Wudhu 24
  • Actions That Obligate the Making of Ablution 24
  • The Obligatory Acts of the Ablution 25
  • The Recommended Acts of the Ablution 25
  • Disliked Acts Related to the Ablution 26
  • What Nullifies One’s Ablution 27

TOPIC SEVEN: GHUSL OR COMPLETE WASHING 27

  • The Lexical and Technical Definition of Ghusl 27
  • The Acts That Obligate Ghusl28
  • Acts For Which Ghusl is Recommended 28
  • The Prerequisites of the Ghusl29
  • The Mandatory Acts of the Ghusl 29
  • The Obligatory Acts of the Ghusl 29
  • The Recommended Acts of the Ghusl30
  • Disliked Acts Related to the Ghusl30
  • Acts Forbidden for the Person Required to Make Ghusl 30

TOPIC EIGHT: TAYAMMUM 31

  • Lexical and Technical Definition 31
  • Who is Allowed to Resort to Tayammum 31
  • Prerequisites for the Obligation ofTayammum 31
  • Conditions for the Soundness of the Tayammum 32
  • The Obligatory Portions of the Tayammum32
  • The Recommended Portions of the Tayammum 32
  • What Negates the Tayammum 32
  • The Manner in Which Tayammum is Performed 33
  • Tayammumfor Casts and lnjuries 33

TOPIC NINE: WIPING OVER LEATHER SANDALS, [SOCKS] OR SPLINTS ··········33

  • CHAPTER TWO: THE PRAYER (AL-SALAA1) 35
  • INTRODUCTION 35
  • Lexical and Technical Definition35
  • Its Obligatory Nature36
  • The Wisdom Behind Its Legislation 36

TOPIC ONE: SOME REGULATIONS RELATED TO PRAYER 37

  • The Ruling Concerning the Prayer and The
  • Number of Prayers 37
  • Ordering the Young to Rray 39
  • The Ruling Concerning One Who Denies the Obligation of Prayer  39
  • The Essential Components (Arkaan) of the Prayer 40
  • The Obligatory Acts (Waajibaat) of the Prayer41
  • The Prerequisites for the Prayer42
  • The Timings for the Five Daily Prayers42
  • The Timings for the Prayers in Very Northern or Southern Lands  44

TOPIC Two: CONGREGATIONAL PRAYER 46

  • Wisdom Behind Its Legislation 46
  • The Ruling Concerning Congregational Prayer46
  • What Constitutes a Congregational Prayer47
  • The Place Where the Congregational Prayer is to Be Held 47

TOPIC THREE: SHORTENING AND COMBINING PRAYERS 48

  • The Meaning of Shortening the Prayers 48
  • Shortening the Prayers Generally, While in a State of Security
  • or Otherwise 48
  • The Distance That Allows One to Shorten the Prayer While Traveling 49
  • When One Begins to Shorten the Prayer 49
  • Combining the Prayers 49
  • Combining at the Earlier or the Later Time 50

[TOPIC:] THE PROSTRATIONS OF FORGETFULNESS 50

TOPIC FOUR: VOLUNTARY PRAYERS 51

  • The Wisdom Behind Their Legislation 51
  • The Best Voluntary Acts51
  • Some of the Voluntary Prayers: 52
  • The Late-Night Prayers 52
  • The Dhuha Prayer 52
  • The Prayer for “Greeting” the Mosque53
  • Prostration While Reading {Specific Verses] of the Quran 53
  • Prostration of Thankfalness 54
  • The Taraweeh Prayer 54
  • The Witr Prayer 55
  • The Regular {Daily] Sunnah Prayers 55
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TOPIC FIVE: THE FRIDAY PRAYER 56

  • The Virtue of Friday 56
  • The Status of the Friday Prayer57
  • Upon Whom is the Friday Prayer Obligatory 57
  • The Timing for the Friday Prayer57
  • What Number Can Constitute the Friday Prayer 57
  • Conditions for the Validity of the Friday Prayer58

TOPIC SIX: THE EID PRAYERS                    58

  • The Wisdom Behind Their Legislation 58
  • Its Status 59
  • Its Conditions 59
  • Its Timing 59
  • How the Eid Prayer is Performed 59
  • The Place in Which It is to Be Prayed 60
  • Recommended Acts Related to the Eid Prayers 60

TOPIC SEVEN: THE PRAYER FOR RAIN (AL-ISTJSQAA) AND THE

  • ECLIPSE PRAYERS (AL-KUSOOF) 61
  • The Prayer for Rain:61
  • The Wisdom Behind Its Legislation 61
  • Its Meaning 62
  • Its Status 62
  • The Prayer of the Eclipse (al-Kusooj):62
  • The Meaning of al-Kusoof and the Wisdom Behind the Prayer 62

TOPIC EIGHT: THE FUNERAL PRAYER 64

  • Washing the Deceased 65
  • Description of the Recommended Way to Wash the Deceased65 Shrouding the Deceased 66
  • Description of the Prayer Over the Deceased 66
  • The Virtue of Praying the Prayer Over the Deceased 70
  • Description of the Grave and Burial and What is
  • Prohibited at the Gravesites 70

CHAPTER THREE:  Zakat         73

  • INTRODUCTION 73
  • The Wisdom of Legislating Zakaat 73
  • The Definition of Zakaat 73
  • The Place of Zakaat in Islam 74
  • The Status of Zakaat 74

TOPIC ONE: SOME RULES CONCERNING ZAKAAT 15

  • The Types of Wealth Upon Which Zakaat is Obligatory 75
  • The Zakaat on Monetary Assets: Gold, Silver
  • and Cu”ency 76
  • The Zakaat on Livestock 76
  • Zakaat on Agricultural Produce 78
  • What is Obligatory Concerning Grains and Produce 78
  • Zakaat on Merchandise Goods 79
  • The Conditions for the Obligation ofZakaat,79
  • Paying the Zakaat:80
  • The Time for Paying the Zakaat 80
  • The Ruling Concerning Withholding Zakaat 80
  • Recommended Acts When Paying Zakaat81
  • The Recipients ofZakaat 81

TOPIC Two: ZAKAAT AL-FITR 82

  • Its Wisdom 82
  • Its Amount and the Types of Foods in Which it is to
  • Be Given 83
  • The Time of Its Obligation and the Time of Its Payment 83
  • Upon Whom is Zakaat al-Fitr Obligatory 83
  • The Recipients ofZakaat al-Fitr 84

CHAPTER FOUR: THE FAST 8S

  • INTRODUCTION 85
  • Definition of Fasting85
  • The History of the Obligation of Fasting85
  • The Benefits of Fasting 86
  • Confirming the Beginning of the Month of Ramadhaan 86
  • The Obligation of Fasting Ramadhaan 88

TOPIC ONE: CONDITIONS RELATED TO FASTING ·89

  • The Conditions Requiring One to Fast _89
  • The Essential Components of the Fast 89
  • The Conditions for the Soundness of the Fast 89
  • Recommended Acts of the Fast 90
  • Actions That are Disliked During the Fast 91

TOPIC Two: ACCEPTABLE EXCUSES TO NOT FAST91

  • What Nullifies the Fast 92
  • Important Notes  92
  • TOPIC FOUR: ITIKAAF •••••••••••93
  • Definition  93
  • The Wisdom Behind Its Being Sanctioned 94
  • The Types of Itikaaf 94
  • The Essential Components of ltikaaf 94
  • The Conditions for the Soundness of the Itikaaf95
  • The ltikaaf is Voided by the Following Acts 95
  • Excuses That Permit One to Leave the Mosque95

CHAPTER FIVE: HAJJ [PILGRIMAGE] AND UMRAH [LESSER VISITATION] 97

  • INTRODUCTION •97
  • The Place of the Pilgrimage in Islam 97
  • The Legal Status of the Pilgrimage 98
  • The Umrah [Lesser Visitation] 99
  • The Wisdom Behind the Enjoining of Hajj and Umrah  99

TOPIC ONE: THE CONDITIONS OF THE HAJJ AND UMRAH 99

  • The Conditions of Obligation 99
  • The Different Ways in Which the Pilgrimage

TOPIC THREE: THE ESSENTIAL COMPONENTS OF THE HAJJ AND UMRAH 101

  • The First Essential 102
  • The Obligatory Aspects of the Inviolable State102
  • The Second Essential: The Circumambulation103
  • Recommended Aspects for the Circumambulation  104
  • The Third Essential: The Sa’ ee  105
  • The Conditions of the Sa’ee 105
  • The Recommended Acts of the Sa ‘ee 106
  • The Fourth Essential: Stopping at Arafah 107
  • TOPIC THREE: THE OBLIGATORY ACTS OF THE HAJJ AND UM RAH107
  • The Obligatory Acts of the Hajj 107
  • The Obligatory Acts of the Umrah 108
  • Important Notes 108
  • TOPIC FOUR: ACTS FORBIDDEN FOR ONE IN THE INVIOLABLE STATE 108
  • TOPIC FIVE: THE SPECIFIC nMES AND LOCATIONS FOR ENTERING INTO THE INvI0LABLE STATE 112
  • TOPIC SIX: THE SACRIFICE AND AQEEQAH           114
  • The Sacrifice 114
  • The Timing of the Sacrifice 114
  • The Aqeeqah 115
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CHAPTER SIX: JIHAD 117

  • Definition  117
  • The Wisdom Behind Its Legislation  J 17
  • The Legal Status of the Jihad117
  • The Conditions for Jihad to Be Obligatory118
  • The Different Types of Jihad 118
  • The Virtues with Allah Awaiting the Martyr 119
  • Etiquette ofWar 119
  • The Captives of War  119
  • How the Army Should Treat Their Leader120
  • PART TWO: TRANSACTIONS  AMONG HUMANS 121

CHAPTER ONE: BUSINESS TRANSACTIONS 123

  • INTRODUCTION 123
  • Lexical and Legal Definition of Bai’ 123
  • The Wisdom Behind Legalizing Buying and Selling 123
  • TOPIC ONE: THE ESSENTIAL COMPONENTS  AND CONDITIONS FOR
  • BUYING AND SELLING 124
  • The Essential Components of Buying and Selling 124
  • The Form of the Transaction 124
  • Transactions Over the Phone 125
  • The Conditions for a Sound Business Transaction 125
  • Stipulations in the Contract 126
  • TOPIC Two: PROHIBITED TRANSACTIONS 127

CHAPTER TWO: RIBA (INTEREST)  AND ITS RULINGS129

  • INTRODUCTION 129
  • The Definition of Riha 129
  • The Wisdom Behind the Prohibition of Riha 129
  • TOPIC ONE: THE TYPES OF RIBA 130
  • TOPIC Two: THE DOORS THAT ISLAM OPENS TO FREEDOM FROM
  • RIBA ,132
  • TOPIC THREE: INTEREST PAID BY BANKS 133

CHAPTER THREE: LEASING, RENTING  AND HIRING135

  • INTRODUCTION  135
  • Definition of Ijaarah (Leasing, Renting or Hiring)  135
  • Its Legal Status 135
  • The Wisdom Behind Its Sanctioning 135
  • Two Types of Ijaarah 136

TOPIC ONE:  CONDITIONS REQUIRED FOR LEASING AND WHAT IS

  • BEING HIRED OR LEASED 136
  • The Conditions for Leasing136
  • Conditions for What is Being Leased or Hired 137
  • TOPIC Two: ISSUES RELATED TO lJAARAH           137

CHAPTER FOUR: ENDOWl\fENTS ••••••••••••••••••••139

  • INTRODUCTION                              139
  • Lexical and Legal Definition of an Endowment 139
  • The Basis for the Legality of Endowments 139
  • The Wisdom Behind Sanctioning Endowments 140
  • The Wording of the Endowment141

TOPIC ONE: THE TYPES OF ENDOWMENTS AND WHAT MAY BE GIVEN AS ENDOWMENTS 142

  • Types of Endowments ‘142
  • What is Proper to Be Made Endowments 142

TOPIC Two: THE CONDITIONS FOR AN ENDOWMENT 143

  • Conditions for the One Making the Endowment 143
  • Conditions for What is Being Made an Endowment 144
  • How to Use the Benefits of Endowments 145

TOPIC THREE: THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AN ENDOWMENT AND A BEQUEST :145

CHAPTER FIVE: BEQUESTS 147

  • INTRODUCTION 147
  • Definition of a Bequest  I 47
  • The Basis for the Legality of a Bequest 147
  • What Constitutes the Making of a Bequest 148

TOPIC ONE: THE TYPES OF BEQUESTS AND ITS LEGAL STATUS  149

  • The Legal Status of a Bequest  I 49
  • The Types of Bequests149
  • The Amount of a Bequest 150
  • What is Taken Into Consideration for the
  • Bequest to Be Valid1 50

TOPIC Two: THE CONDITIONS OF A BEQUEST 151

  • Conditions for the One Making the Bequest 151
  • Conditions for the One for Whom the Bequest is Made151
  • Conditions for What is Being Bequeathed  I 52
  • Confirming a Bequest 152
  • The Types of Executors 152
  • TOPIC THREE: NULLIFIERS OF THE BEQUEST 153
  • Dr Saalift al-Sadlaan

CHAPTER ONE: MARRIAGE AND ITS RULINGS 157

  • INTRODUCTION 157
  • The Wisdom/or Legalizing Marriage 157
  • The Wisdom Behind Marriage 158
  • Lexical and Legal Definition of Marriage 158

TOPIC ONE: CONDITIONS FOR MARRIAGE AND

  • ITS LEGAL STATUS 159
  • The Legal Status of Marriage 159
  • Its Verbal Form159
  • The Essential Components of a Marriage Contract 159
  • The Conditions for a Marriage Contract160
  • TOPIC Two: WHAT IS RECOMMENDED AND WHAT IS FORBIDDEN WITH REGARDS TO MARRJAGE 161
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CHAPTER TWO: RULINGS PARTICULAR FOR MUSLIM

  • INTRODUCTION 163
  • ISSUES SPECIFICALLY RELATED TO WOMEN 163
  • The First Issue: Wiping Over a Wig 163
  • The Second Issue: Fingernail or Toenail Polish 164
  • The Third Issue: Menstruation 164
  • The Fourth Issue: Post-Partum Bleeding 165
  • The Fifth Issue: al-/stahaadhah (Abnormal Prolonged
  • Flow of Blood) 165
  • The Sixth Issue: Shaving Hair and Other Issues 166
  • The Seventh Issue: The Aurah of a Woman 166
  • The Eighth Issue: Beautification for Women 167
  • The Ninth Issue: The Voice ofWomen 167
  • The Tenth Issue: Related to Death and Funerals 168
  • The Eleventh Issue: Jewelry 168
  • The Twelfth Issue: Women Giving Charity 168
  • The Thirteenth Issue: Breaking the Fast169
  • The Fourteenth Issue: Performing the Pilgrimage 169
  • The Fifteenth Issue: Clothing During the Pilgrimage 170
  • The Sixteenth Issue: Pilgrimage During Menses and Post- Partum Bleeding 170
  • The Seventeenth Issue: The Talbiyyah 170
  • The Eighteenth Issue: Cutting the Hair as a
  • Rite of Pilgrimage 170
  • The Nineteenth Issue: The Farewell Circumam-bulation 171
  • The Twentieth Issue: Marrying Non-Muslims171
  • The Twenty-First Issue: Custody 172
  • The Twenty-Second Issue: Covering the Face172

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