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Fiqh-us-Sunnah pdf

book-icon-openmaktabaBook Title: Fiqh-us-Sunnah
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peace, and asked him about the ablution. He showed him how to wash each part three times and said,’This is the ablution. Whoever does more than that has done wrong, transgressed and committedevil.” (Related by Ahmad, an-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah.) ‘Uthman also reported that the Messenger of Allahwould repeat each washing three times. (Related by Ahmad, Muslim and at-Tirmizhi.) It is also proventhat he performed each washing only once or twice. According to most of the reports, he wiped hishead only once.Fiqh 1.31 c: Beginning each action with the right sideSaid ‘Aishah, “The Messenger of Allah loved to begin with his right side while putting on his shoes,straightening his hair and cleaning (or purifying) himself.” (Related by al-Bukhari and Musilm.) AbuHurairah reported that the Prophet said, “When you clothe or wash yourself, begin with your rightside.” (Related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmizhi, and an-Nasa’i.)Fiqh 1. 2: Rubbing the limbs with waterThis means to rub the hands over the bodily parts with water. ‘Abdullah ibn Zaid reported that theMessenger of Allah was brought a pot of water which he used to perform ablution, and then rubbed hisarms. (Related by Ibn Khuzaimah.) He also related that the Messenger of Allah performed ablution,then rubbed his limbs. (Related by Abu Dawud at-Tayalisi, Ahmad, Ibn Hibban and Abu Ya’la.)Fiqh 1. 2 a: Close sequenceEach bodily part must be washed right after the other in the prescribed sequence (without separatingthe washing of the different parts of acts not related to the abution). This is the customary practice ofthe early and later generations of Muslims.Fiqh 1.32 b: Wiping the earsThe sunnah is to wipe the interior of the ears with the index fingers and the exterior portions with thethumbs. The water used to wipe the head is also used for the ears, as the ears are part of the head. Al-Miqdam ibn Mald Yakrih reported that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, wiped his head and his ears,the interior and exterior, while making ablution. He also put his finger inside his ear. (Related by AbuDawud and at-Tahawi.)While describing the ablution of the Prophet, upon whom be peace, Ibn ‘Umar said, “He wiped his headand ears with one wipe.” (Related by Ahmad and Abu Dawud. In one narration it states, “He wiped theinner portion of his ears with his index finger, and the outer portion with his thumb.”Fiqh 1.32 c: Elongating the streaks of lightThis refers to washing the complete forehead, a practice which is more than what is obligatory inwashing the face, and will increase the streak of light (on the Day of Judgement). It also refers towashing above the elbows and ankles. Abu Hurairah reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “Mynation will come with bright streaks of light from the traces of ablution.” Abu Hurairah then said, “If onecan lengthen his streak of light, he should do so.” (Related by Ahmad, al-Bukhari and Muslim.) AbuZar’ah related that when Abu Hurairah made ablution, he washed his arms above his elbows and hisfeet up to his calves. He was asked, “Why do you do this?” He said, “This is the extent of theembellishment.” (Related by Ahmad. ) According to al-Bukhari and Muslim, its chain is sahih.Fiqh 1.32 d: Economizing the use of water, even if one is in front of the seaAnas said, “The Prophet, upon whom be peace, used to perform ghusl (the complete bathing) with asa’a of water (1.616 cm) 3 to 5 madd (each 4 madd equals one sala). He also used to make ablutionwith one madd (404 cm) of water.” (Related by al-Bukhari and Musim.) ‘Ubaidullah ibn Abu Yazid

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