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Guidance For Fasting Muslims pdf download

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 Guidance For Fasting Muslims
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What Is Zakat UI- Fitr’!

Zakat UI-Fitr is an obligatory charity which every capable Muslim should pay for himself and for every member of his family at the end of the Month of Ramadan, before the Eid prayer.

The Importance Of Zakat Ul- Fitr:

Al-Bukhari and Muslim relate that Abdullah Bin Omar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Prophet (peace be upon him) enjoined the payment of one Sa’ (about three kilograms) of dates or one Sa’ of barley as Zakat lJI-Fitr on every Muslim, young and old, male and female, free and slave. It should be paid before proceeding for Eid Prayer.”

Payment of Zakat UI-Fitr is obligatory for every Muslim possesses one Sa’ (three kilograms) of dates or barley or similar food items which is not needed as a basic food for himself or his family during 24 hours of Eid day. Such a Muslim must pay it for himself and for every members of his family. It is better for the members of the family to pay for themselves if they are able to do so. It may be paid on behalf of the child in the mother’s womb, but that is not obligatory. Osman Bin Affan (may Allah be pleased with him) used to pay Zakat Ul-Fitr on behalf of the child in the womb.

The Purpose Of Zakat Ul-Fitr:

Its purpose is to purify the fasting person from any indecent act or speech and to help the Poor and Needy. Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with them) said:

“The Messenger of Allah- peace be upon him- enjoined Zakat UI-Fitr on fasting Muslim to purify them from any indecent act or speech and for the purpose of providing food for the Needy.” This hadith is reported by Abu Daud, lbn Majah, Darakutni and Hakim.

The Required Amount:

The Required amount of Zakat UI-Fitr is one Sa’ (about three Kilograms) of wheat, barely, raisin, dry cottage cheese, rice, corn or similar items considered as basic food of the people in the country. It is not accepted to pay cloths, furniture, or anything other than what is considers as basic food of the people. It is not acceptable to pay an equivalent value. This will be violation of the instructions of the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him.

To Whom It To Be Given:

It should be distributed among the poor and needy of the country where the muslim is residing at the time of its payment. If he does not know needy persons there, he may pay it to the poor and needy in any other place.

The Time Of Payment:

It is due at the sunset of the night preceding the Eid day, i.e. at the end of the last day of Ramadan. It is preferable to pay it at the morning of Eid day, before performing Eid prayer, as mentioned in the hadith of Abdullah Bin Umar. It is permissible to pay it a day or two before Eid. Nafi reports:……..

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