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Indo Islamic Architecture pdf download

  • Book Title:
 Indo Islamic Architecture
  • Book Author:
Zivaud Din Desai
  • Total Pages
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Indo Islamic Architecture by Zivaud Din Desai

 The saga of Indo-Islamic architecture is a living proof of the synthesis and fusion of what was best in two of the great building traditions of the world, the Indian and the Islamic


Book Contents

  • Introduction
  • The Mamluk Or Slave Period (1206-90)
  • The Khalji Period (1290-1320)     
  • The Tughluq Period (1320-1412),  
  • The Sayyid Period (1414-51) 
  • The Lodi Period (1451-1526)  
  • Provincial Styles   
  • The Multan Style (9th – 6th Centuries)    
    • The Bengal Style (13th – 16th Centuries)
    • The Gujarat Style 14th – 16th Centuries)
    • The Malwa Style (15th – 16th Centuries)
    • The Jaunpur Style (14th – 15th Centuries)
    • The Faruqi Or Khandesh Style (15th – 17th Centuries)
    • The Deccan Style (14th – 7th Centuries)
      • The Imad Shahi Dywany (15th – 16ch Centuries)
      • The Nisan Shah’ Dynasty (15th 17th Centuries)  
      • The Barid Shani Or Bidar Style (75th – 16th Centuries)
      • The Adil Shahi Or Bijapur Style (16th 17th Centures)
      • The Qurb Shahi Or Golconda Shve (16th 17th Centuries) ,
  • The Kashmir Style (15th – 17th Centuries) –
  • The Sind Style (15th – 18th Centuries) 8 The Sur Period (1540-55)        9 The Mughal Period      
  • The Early Mughal Style (1556-1628)
  • The Late Mughal Style (1628-58)
  • The Later Mughal Style (1658-1858)
  • The Oudh Style (1775-1856) 
  • The Mysore Style (1760-99)

Book’s Introduction

The permanent association of the Muslims with India started in the last decade of the twelfth century A.D. when Muhammad bin Sam. the Ghori King, conquered Delhi and the neighbouring parts.

With his successor Sultan Qutbud-Din Aibak (1206-11), started what is known in the history of India as the Mamluk or Slave dynasty. After a rule of about a century (1206-90), the Mamluks were succeeded by the Khaljis (1290-1320) whose rule extended to a large part of the country.

 Then came the Tughlugs who having ruled for about a hundred years (1320-1412) were finally replaced by the Sayyids (1414-51) and the Lodis (1451-1526),

It was during the rule of the Tughlugs themselves that there arose in the Deccan a new dynasty of Muslim Kings known as the Bahmanis, which ruled first at Gulbarga and then at Bidar for about two centuries (1347-1538) until it was replaced by five dynasties with capitals at Golconda, Bijapur, Ahmednagar, Bidar and Gawilgarh (Berar);

 after enjoying authority for more than a century and a hall, these kingdoms were in their turn annexed to the Mughal empire

Likewise, the close of the Tughluq regime saw the establishment of independent kingdoms in other provinces like Gujarat, Malwa and Jaunpur.

These kingdoms were also annexed one after another by the mighty Mughals (1526-1858) who exercised authority, first complete and then on a much smaller scale, until 1858 when the British officially assumed control.

The Mughal rule was interrupted in its early years for a decade and a half (1540-55) during which the Suris under Sher Shah and his successors held sway.

This long association of Muslims, who had brought their own traditions with them, was bound to produce far-reaching effects on the cultural, social and religious life of the country, Architecture, like other aspects of the country’s cultural life, was no exception

The saga of Indo-Islamic architecture is a living proof of the synthesis and fusion of what was best in two of the great building traditions of the world, the Indian and the Islamic

By the time the new comers had settled down permanently in Delhi and the neighbouring region in an aura of power and political authority, the buildings they had left behind already reflected the mighty building traditions of the great empires of Egypt and Persia and through Turkey those of Greek, Roman and Byzantine empires.

On the other hand, India had an equally illustrious, exuberant and fully developed architectural style represented through a number of edifices and buildings.

The establishment of Muslim rule in the north brought face to face two great architectural traditions.

However, like other aspects of their cultures, there was little in common between these two traditions in almost every field, right from the building material and method of construction to form and spirit of the buildings themselves.

For example, the mosque and the mausoleum or tomb, round which, for the greater part, centres the interest of Indian Islamic architecture were completely unrelated to Indian tradition, not that secular architecture was overlooked or lacked the great aesthetic and architectural value which was its due, but th

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