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Introduction to the Principles of Tafsir pdf

An Explanation of Shaykh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah’s Introduction to the Principles of Tafsir

Introduction to the Principles of Tafseer
  • Book Title:
 Introduction To The Principles Of Tafsir
  • Book Author:
Ibn Taymiyah, Uthaymin
  • Total Pages
  • Size of Book:
5.7 Mb
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In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

All praise is due to Allah. We seek His assistance and His forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil of ourselves and the evil of our actions. Whomsoever Allah guides none can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides none can guide him.

I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah alone, without partner. I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger. May the peace and blessings of Allah be

upon him.

This sermon is known as the khutbah al-hajjah. It is delivered before a person wishes to discuss a need of his, whether that need is marriage, a worldly need or a religious need. This is why it is called khutbah al-hajjah (the sermon of need). We shall now explain some parts of this sermon.

Whomsoever Allah guides none can misguide him. This statement clearly shows that whomsoever Allah has decreed guidance for none has the ability to misguide him or remove him from the guidance which he has been blessed with … and whomsoever He misguides none can guide him. Similarly, whomsoever Allah has decreed misguidance for none has the ability to guide him.

I bear witness. The reason this testification is in the singular tense as opposed to the plural ‘we’ found at the beginning of the sermon, is due to the singular tense being more appropriate when discussing the unity and oneness of Allah, the Most High.

I have been asked by a number of brothers to author an introduction to the exegesis of the Qur’an comprising of comprehensive principles which will a ist one in understanding its meanings a· well a differentiating between the truuth and all kinds of falsehood indicating in all of the above the criterion to be used in this.

Here, the author1 mentions the reason which led him to author this book; that reason being he was requested to do so. An author either pens a book due to realizing that there is a need for such a topic to be discussed r there may be another rea on such as him being asked to do so. Therefore, in the first instance he is addressing a need and in the second he is re ponding to a request.

Indeed, if a scholar realizes that people are in need of knowledge in a particular field, then he must address this need and author work in this field. This .is o that people are fully aware of the ruling and are able to worship Allah upon clea1· guidance and understanding.

The author says ‘comprehensive principle. Qawa’id is the plural of qaidah – principle – and it mean the foundation of something. Thus is where the saying ‘qawa’id al-bayt’ [‘the foundation of a house’] is derived from. Therefore, these are the principle and foundations ns which assist one in understanding the Qur’an and the principle of the exegesis of the Qur’an. This is because understanding the Qur’an is one of the three reasons for which it was revealed.

The Qur’an was revealed for three reasons:

  • to worship Allah by reciting it
  • to understand its meanings and to act according to it. This is why the companions ($) would not pass ten verse until they had completely understood and acted upon them. They would say: so we learned the Quran, knowledge and action all together.’….

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