NATURAL BLOOD OF WOMEN
Introduction – NATURAL BLOOD OF WOMEN
All praise is due to Allah, we praise Him, seek His help and forgiveness. We return to Him alone in repentance, and we seek refuge in Allah from the evil of ourselves and from our wrong deeds. Whosoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide, and whosoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide. I bear witness that there is no god worthy of being worshipped except Allah Who is free from any partners or associates. I bear witness that Muhammad is the true slave and messenger of Allah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala �) may Allah’s salaah and salaam (�) be upon him.
It is common that there are three types of menses among women:
- Menstrual Period,
- Istihadah: bleeding from the womb between women periods, and
- Nifass (post-delivery).
The explanations of these matters in accordance with the evidences from Qur’an and
Sunnah is very important and beneficial, because:
- the Qur’an and Sunnah represent the only sources for all of the Decrees of Allah.
- in referring to these sources one achieves a state of peace, comfort and relaxation as well as relief for having the requirements of worship (in this case purification from menses) made known.
- any other reference lacks the quality of perfection of the proofs of the Qur’an and
Next in reference, are the verified sayings of the scholars amongst the Sahabah (companions of the Prophet (�1)) as long as they are not in conflict with any thing in the Qur’an or Sunnah. In case there is a contradictory saying by another Sahabi, then verification for the most substantiated proofs closest to evidences from Qur’an and Sunnah is sought. This is in confirmation to the saying of Allah (�):
“If you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger (:1�:I�), if you believe in Allah and in the Last Day. That is best, and more suitable for final determination.”(Qur’an 4: 59)
With the above in mind, a summarized letter explaining the Islamic Laws regarding menses is presented here.
The Meaning of Menses
In the Arabic language, the word Menses means: the pouring and flowing of something. According to its Islamic meaning, it is the blood that the female naturally releases without an outside cause and during certain specific times. It is, therefore, a natural blood flow that is not related to disease, wound, abortion or delivery. The characteristics of its flow clearly differ amongst women depending upon their overall condition, environment and immediate surroundings.
The Wisdom behind it relates to the fact that when the embryo is in its mother’s womb it cannot receive nutrients even from the most merciful human-being. Allah, Most Glorified and the Most Perfect Creator, created a system of blood secretions that carries the nutrients to the embryo via the umbilical cord. That is why when a woman regnant her period stops and she will rarely have menses (Haid).
First: Is There an Age Period?
Menses occurs between the ages of twelve and fifty although a woman may have it before or after depending upon her condition and environment.The Ulama’ (Scholars) of Islam, may Allah’s Mercy be upon them all, differed whether there is a specific age period in which menses is manifested and about the nature of the blood that the woman may have prior to or after this period: is her blood a Haid blood or an unrelated blood?
After referring to the different opinions about this matter, Imam Ad- Daarimee 2Ad-Daarimee: One of the very well known scholars of Islam. He was born in 181 Hj. He was a reference cited by Imam Muslim, Abu Dawoud, At-Tirmidhi … Continue reading concluded that: “to me all are wrong, because the criteria should be the presence or absence of the released blood regardless of the age period, and therefore this type of blood should be considered as Haid, and Allah Knows best.”
What Ad- Daarimee said is the correct position and this is also the choice of Shayekul Islam Ibn Taymeeyah. 3Ibn Taymeeyah: The renowned scolar of Islam was born in the year 661Hj/1263 CE. He mastered various disciplines of Islamic studies at an early age. … Continue reading
Accordingly, when the woman sees the menstrual blood then she is in an actual state of Haid even though she may be less than nine or more than fifty years old. This is because Allah and His Messenger (�) made the rule for Haid effective only when Haid is present and according to these rules there was no mention of a certain age for the commencing or ending of Haid. Hence, specifying an age period requires an evidence from Qur’an and Sunnah and this is not available.
Second: The time of duration of Haid
There is a great deal of dispute amongst the Ulama’ regarding the period of time in which a woman is considered to be in Haid. Some Scholars say: “There is no limiting number of days for the existence of Haid either light or intensive. This….
THE HAID OF THE PREGNANT WOMAN
Most often Haid stops during pregnancy. Imam Ahmad,16 may Allah’s Mercy be upon Him said: “Women are able to recognize being pregnant when their Haid stops.” If the pregnant woman sees the blood shortly before delivery (two or three days) coupled with contractions then it is considered Nifass. If it is seen way in advance of her delivery or shortly prior to delivery but not accompanied by contractions then it is Haid or not? There is dispute among the scholars on this issue.
The right opinion, however, is that this kind of blood is Haid blood.
The reason behind this lies in the general ruling that “The blood encountered by a woman is a Haid blood as long as there is no reason that alters its consideration as Haid blood.
To this effect, there is nothing in the Book of Allah and in the Sunnah that indicates that a pregnant woman may not have Haid.” This is the opinion of Imam Malik,17 Imam Ash-Shaafie’e,18 the choice of Shayekul Islam Ibn Taymeeyah, and not Nifass. In this case, the question is raised as to whether it can be considered as Haid and thus apply to it all the rulings of also it is reported that Imam Ahmad readopted this position.
Accordingly, all the rulings governing the normal Haid are applicable to the Haid of a pregnant woman except in two cases:
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References / Footnotes
|⇧01||2Ad-Daarimee: One of the very well known scholars of Islam. He was born in 181 Hj. He was a reference cited by Imam Muslim, Abu Dawoud, At-Tirmidhi and others. He travelled extensively and authored many Islamic classifications. He died in the year 255 Hj|
|⇧02||3Ibn Taymeeyah: The renowned scolar of Islam was born in the year 661Hj/1263 CE. He mastered various disciplines of Islamic studies at an early age. He had strongly defended the Sunnah of the Prophet (‘.1) and stood firmly against innovations introduced by philosophers and scholastic (Kalam) sects who plotted for his imprisonment on numerous occasions. He physically defended the Muslims in greater Syria against invasions by the Tartars. He died in 728Hj/1328CE while in prison in Damascus following his Fatawa (Islamic Legal Rulings) against innovators. His writings are still a great reference for Muslims seeking knowledge about Islam. May Allah Mercy upon Him|