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 Response To The Adhaan
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Rulings on The Response to the Adhaan (Call for Salaah)Based upon the sharh (explanation) of Hadeeth 63 from Umdat al-Ahkaam by our ShayekhMuhammad bin Saalih al-‘Uthaimeen (rahimahullaah) and More recently by our Shayekh

Sh. (Dr.) Sami ibn Muhammad As-Sghair (hafidhahullaah) in his sharh of the Umdah in 1428 AH

Prepared by Saleh As-Saleh

Transcribed and first edited by Br. Abu Abdullaah al-Amreeki, Jazaahullaahu Khairan, from live duroos in Paltalk’s “Understanding Islam 1” room.

Text further edited by sis Umm Ahmad al-Kanadiyyah, Jazaahaallaahu Khairan, and finally reviewed and checked by Saleh as-Saleh.

All Praise is due to Allaah, and may the salaah and salaam be on Prophet Muhammad, his household, the noble companions, and those who follow them until the Day of Resurrection.

Abi Sa’eed al-Khudri ( : radiyallaahu ‘anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allaah : sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

“Whenever you hear the adhaan, say what the Mu’adhdhin is saying.”1

Benefit: Ruling Concerning Following the Statements of the Mu’adhdhin

The mu’adhdhin (caller) makes the adhaan for the five prescribed prayers and also on the day of jumu’ah; when he calls, he does so aloud making it inevitable that one must hear his voice in order to respond.

In  this  hadeeth,  the  instruction  of  the  Prophet “say  what  the  Mu’adhdhin  is saying” implies that every statement made by the mu’adhdhin should be repeated verbatim by those that hear it. This covers the entire adhaan excluding two statements, specifically the hayyalatan (i.e. “hayya ‘ala’-salaah” – come for salaah and “hayya ‘ala’-falaah” – come for success), for which the responder says “Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa billaah” (There is no power or strength except with Allaah);  this  is  the  instruction  of  the  Prophet as  recorded  by  Muslim  in  his Saheeh.2 Therefore, for all other statements made by the mu’adhdhin, the responder repeats them exactly word for word.

Likewise, the responder must make all statements following the mu’adhdhin with his tongue;  doing  so  with  one’s  heart  is  insufficient  since  the  Prophet directed  the responder to “say”, which in general entails utterance by the tongue.

Benefit: Types of Saying

“Saying” is of four types.

  1. In the heart – There are no rulings from sharee’ah that depends on this. That is why there is no effect legally if someone recites the Qur’aan with his heart since it is not a saying. Similarly, if someone says in his heart that his wife is divorced, then this statement is not implemented as it has no effect.

Furthermore, if someone makes an oath not to speak to a specific person and says in his heart “In shaa Allaah”, then this exception is of no benefit to him, and if he talks to that person in the future, then he breaks his oath, which makes the expiation binding upon him.

  • To utter by one’s tongue and moving the lips
  • To make one’s self hear – There is a difference between the second and the third types of saying since a person may move his tongue without making himself hear.
  • To make others hear him – This is known as al-jahr (loudness)

If a person makes salaah without moving his lips, then this salaah is invalid since he did not actually “say” takbeeratul-ihraam, al-Fatiha, and the rest of the Qur’aan that he recites. However, it is not a condition that he makes himself hear.

Benefit: Following the Mu’adhdhin if you can See but not Hear Him

If you see the mu’adhdhin but you are unable to hear him, then you do not repeat after him as the condition is hearing him.

Benefit: General Principles When Following the Mu’adhdin

This hadeeth indicates that you follow the mu’adhdhin even if there is more than one caller.   The  Prophetsaid,  “Whenever  you  hear  the  adhaan.”   Thus,  if  you  hear multiple callers, then you follow them as this is remembrance. The scholars said that this is applicable as long as the person is not in salaah since the praying individual is not called. Similarly, if the person has already prayed, then the generality of the hadeeth implies that it is still applicable to him, making it appropriate that he responds.

Benefit: Wisdom of Allaah – RESPONSE TO THE ADHAAN

When a person is responding to the adhaan, he is getting a share of the reward; therefore, Allaah ( : subhaanallaahu wa ta’aalaa) gives him a reward even if he is not establishing the worship. Therefore, Allaah () has enabled the believer to share in rewards through related matters.

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