THE BOOK OF FASTING – Book Sample
The Book of Siyam (Fasting)
- Fasting is the fourth pillar of Islam. Allah enjoined it as an obligatory act of worship during the second year of Hijrah
- The meaning of Fasting: It is refraining from
eating, drinking, and similar things from dawn to sunset with the intention of fasting.
- Allah has prescribed Fasting to the Muslim
Ummah as He prescribed it to previous nations.
- Allah, the Exalted, has enjoined fasting on the Muslims for great wisdom and lofty objectives of which are:
- The fear of Allah, the Exalted, and piety
- Fasting trains the Muslim to assume responsibility, and endurance.
- Fasting teaches man tolerance, self-restraint, truthfulness, and beneficence.
- Fasting also makes man share the suffering of his Muslim brothers, and expend in charity to the poor and needy, thus the brotherly love is materialized among all Muslims through which all enjoy good life during this noble month.
* Fasting in Ramadhan is a sphere of worship and
obedience to Allah. In Ramadhan, the gates of Jannah are opened and the gates of Hell are closed, and the Satans are chained. In it too, there is the Night of Decree, which is better than a thousand months spent in worship. The Night of Decree has a great excellence, whoever spends it occupying himself with acts of worship out of belief, Allah would forgive his previous sins. The Night of Decree falls in the last ten days of Ramadhan.
- Whoever observes the fast of Ramadhan out of
pel.ief and expects to be rewarded for doing so, in the Hereafter, his past sins would be forgiven.
- He who breaks one day of fast without valid
reason, he would never be able to expiate for it even
if he observes fast the rest of his life.
- Observing the fast of Ramadhan becomes compulsory by two things.
- Sighting the new moon of Ramadhan, or
- Completing the month of Sha’ban, which precedes Ramadhan, as 30 days.
- Fasting of Ramadhan is obligatory on every
sane, healthy, adult, Muslim capable of fasting.
- Once the new moon of Ramadhan has been sighted in a certain country, observing fast becomes obligatory on the residents of that country. If all Muslims in the world begin fasting on the same day, this would be an excellent demonstration of unity and brotherhood among the Muslims.
- It is not permissible to observe fast of the
doubtful day (i.e. the 30th day of Sha’ban). 1
- The intention for observing obligatory fasting must be thought of during the night, whereas, the intention for voluntary fasting may be thought of during the day.
- The first day of Ramadhan may be confirmed by sighting the new moon by one trustworthy Muslim, male or female.
He who sights the new moon of Ramadhan by himself, but his word was rejected by the community, he must begin fasting.
* It is the Sunnah for the person who sights the new moon to recite the following:
0 Allah! Make this new moon appear to us while we are enjoying security, faith, safety and Islam. 0 new moon! My Rubb and yours is Allah. May this new moon be a new moon of guidance and goodness.
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