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THE BOOK OF PRAYER – Kitab Al-Salaah pdf download

  • Book Title:
 The Book Of Prayer
  • Book Author:
Nathif Jama Adam
  • Total Pages
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  • Introduction
  • The Virtues Of Prayer Wudhu (Ablution)
  • Conditions for the Performance of Wudhu Essential Acts of Wudhu
  • Voluntary Acts of Wudhu How the Wudhu is performed Important Points on Wudhu Wiping Over the Socks
  • How Wiping Over the Socks is Done When the Wiping Privilege Ceases Matters which Invalidate the Wudhu Ghusl (Total Bath)
  • Occasions when Ghusl is Required as an obligatory Act Occasions for which Ghusl is preferred
  • Essential Requirements of Ghusl How Ghusl is Performed
  • Acts Forbidden to Persons who are required to Perform Ghusl Haidh (Menstruation)
  • Post-Childbirth Bleeding (Nifas)
  • Acts Forbidden to Women Experiencing Menstruation and Post-Childbirth Bleeding At-Tayammum (Ablution Using The Earth)
  • Instances when At-Tayammum is Permitted The Earth (Soil) to be used for At-Tayammaum How to Perform At-Tayammum
  • Matters which Nullify At-Tayammum
  • The Timings Of The Obligatory Prayers Adhaan (Call To Prayer) The Virtues of Adhaan
  • How the Adhaan is performed
  • What Someone Supplicates Upon Hearing the Adhaan The Supplication after the Adhaan
  • IQAMAH Second Call to Prayer Performance Of The Salaat
  • Conditions for the Prayer (Shuruud-Salaat) Categories of the Acts of the Salaat
  • Pillars of the Salaat (Arkanu-S alaat) Necessary Duties (Wajibatu-Salaat)
  • Preferred Acts of the Salaat (Sunna- nu-Salaat) How The Salaat Is Performed
  • Performance of Fajr the Prayer Performance of the Dhuhr Prayer Performance of the Asr Prayer Performance of the Maghrib Prayer Performance of the Isha Prayer
  • Forgetfulness Prostrations (Sujuud Sahw)
  • Various Instances Where “Sujuud Sahw” Becomes Apparent
  • Private Supplications Recited Upon completing Prayers Things Which Invalidate The Prayer (Mubdilatu-Salaat) Things Which Are Not Preferred In The Prayer
  • Other Important Notes Regarding Prayer Congregational Prayer Purpose of the Congregational Prayer
  • The Prayer Of A Travelling Person (Musafir) Characteristics of combining the prayers
  • Performance Of The Prayer By One Who Is Sick Voluntary Prayers Times When Performance of Voluntary Prayers is Prohibited Juma’h Prayer (Friday Con- Gregational Prayer)
  • The Performance of the Juma’h Prayer The Prayers Of The Two Feasts
  • Idul-Fitr Prayer Idul-Adha Prayer
  • Salatul-Istisqua (Rain Seeking Prayer) Eclipse Prayer (Salatul-Kusoof)
  • The Witr (Odd Number) Prayer Tarawih Prayer
  • Salatul-Isstikhara (Prayer To Seek Allah’s Guidance) Salatul-Janaza (Funeral Prayer) How the Funeral Prayer is Performed
  • A Summary Of The Different Types Of Prayers

The Virtues Of Prayer

Salaat (Prayer) performed genuinely with humility and submission to Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) has unlimited virtues and benefits. It is the noblest expression of faith and the surest way of thanking Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) for His unlimited favors. It is the way to obtaining Allah’s mercy, generosity, kindness, blessings and a sure way to paradise. Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) says in the Holy Qur’an:“ Prosperous indeed are the believers who are humble in their prayers” (Qur’an 23:1-2).

It is a deliverance on the Day of Judgement for those who used to observe it well.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) says:“ The first thing that the servant of Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) will be called to account for on the Day of Judgement will be the prayer; and if it was good the person’s deeds will have been good, but if it was bad, the person’s deeds will have been bad” (Reported by Imam Bukhari).

Prayer purifies the soul, refines the character and inculcates in man the excellent virtues of truthfulness, honesty and modesty. It keeps one who performs it from falsehood and from all forbidden actions as is categorically confirmed by the following verse of the Holy Qur’an:“ Verily, prayer refrains from indecency and evil” (Qur’an


Wudhu (Ablution)

Prior to entering Salaat, the person is required to undertake a certain purification procedure known as “Wudhu” without which, the person’s prayer would not be acceptable in the sight of Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala). Allah,-the Almighty, says:“ O ye who believe, when ye prepare for prayer, wash your faces and your arms to the elbows,- rub your heads (with water),- and (wash) your feet to the ankles” (Qur’an 5:6).

And the Prophet (peace be upon him), said:“ Prayer without ablution is invalid”

(Reported by Imam Muslim).

Conditions for the Performance of Wudhu

There are various conditions required to be fulfilled in the performance of Wudhu which are as follows:

  1. Acceptance of the Islamic Faith.
  2. Sanity and consciousness.
  3. Intention (Anniyah) to perform Wudhu as an act of worship.
  4. Purifying oneself from urine, excrement and all other kind of impurities before performing Wudhu.
  5. Ensuring the purity of the water to be used for the Wudhu.
  6. Ensuring that water is not prevented from reaching the parts of the body which need to be washed in the performance of the Wudhu.
  7. Being conscious and keeping the Wudhu in mind.

Essential Acts of Wudhu

  1.     Washing the entire face once with Rinsing the mouth with water and Sniffing of water in and out of the nostrils.
  2. Washing each arm once.
  3. Wiping the entire head once and passing of water outside and inside of the earlobes.
  4. Washing the feet up to the ankles.
  5. Ensuring that the above 4 acts are performed in the given sequence.
  6.     Performing the Wudhu acts continuously and without unnecessary let-ups until completion.

Voluntary Acts of Wudhu

Besides the above essential acts of Wudhu, there are also some voluntary but recommended acts in the Wudhu procedure. These are as follows:

  1. Invoking Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) at the start of the Wudhu.
  2. Washing of both hands up to the wrists.

How the Wudhu is performed

The essential and voluntary acts discussed above shall now be integrated to demonstrate how the Prophet (peace be upon him), used to perform Wudhu:

  1.     Making the intention to perform Wudhu as an act of sincere homage and worship for the pleasure of Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala). The intention need not be uttered but it should be kept in mind during the Wudhu.
  •     Invoking Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) at the start of the Wudhu by saying: BISMILLAHI ARRAHMANI ARRAHIIM (in the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful).
  •     Washing the hands up to the wrists three times, while rubbing them and letting the water reach between the fingers.
  •     Rinsing the mouth with water thrice, preferably using the “Miswak” (tooth stick), toothbrush, or fingers to brush the teeth and the gum. Regarding the importance of the Miswak, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:“ If it had not been too great a burden on my Ummah, I would have ordered them to use the Miswak at every Wudhu” (Reported by Imam Malik).
  • Cleaning the nostrils by sniffing water in and out three times.
  •     Washing the entire face thrice using both hands from the top of the forehead down to the bottom of the chin and from ear to ear.
  •     Washing the arms three times up to the upper end of the elbows: right arm first, and then, left arm. Arms should be rubbed while they are being washed.
  •     Wetting both hands and passing the same over the head starting from above the forehead down to the nape (the back of the neck) and from there, returning both hands up to above the forehead.
  •     From the head, without wetting the hands again, the person wipes the earlobes, using the fore fingers to wipe the inner part of the lobes and the thumbs for the outside part.

10. Washing both feet up to the ankles three times, beginning with the right foot and then with the left foot. Both feet should be rubbed while they are being washed and water should freely pass between the toes.

Important Points on Wudhu

  1.     Much virtue is attached to Wudhu which is properly performed as can be noted from the following saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him):“ A person who performs Wudhu properly will have his sins removed from his body, so much that the sins are removed even from underneath his nails” (Reported by Imam Muslim).
  •     Having completed the Wudhu, the person may recite the “SHAHADA”, i.e. the words of witness and the supplication for concluding the Wudhu as follows: ASH- HADUANLAA ILAHA ILLA-LAAHU WA ASH-HADU ANNA MUHAMMADAN ABDUHU WA RASUULUHU. ALLAHUMMA IJ’ALNII MINA T-A WABIIN WA IJ’ALNII MINA-L MUTAHIRIIN, which means: I bear witness that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His servant and messenger… O Lord, make me among those who return to you in repentance and of those who are undefiled. Regarding the virtue of the above supplication, the leader of the faithful, Umar lbn-ul Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) reported the Prophet (peace be upon him) as saying:“ If anyone performs the Wudhu completely and then says, I testify that there is no god but Allah alone, He has no partner: and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and messenger, the eight gates of Paradise will be opened for him and may enter by whichever of the gates he wishes” (Related by Imam Muslim).
  •     When performing Wudhu, it is recommended to let the water reach beyond the area required to be washed (e.g., when washing the arms the person may wash beyond the elbows or beyond the ankles when washing the feet). Great virtue has been attached to this fact, as can be noted from the following saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him):“ My nation (Ummah) will be called (distinguished) on the Day of Judgement as a people with bright faces and limbs from the effect of their Wudhu practices. Therefore, anyone of you who wishes to increase his brightness may do so (by washing beyond the required areas when performing Wudhu)” (Reported by lmams Bukhari and Muslim).
  • The person is required to avoid use of water more than what is necessary.
  •     Much importance has been attached to the performance of two rakaats after performing Wudhu as can be noted from the following conversation between the Prophet (peace be upon him) and Bilal, the first Muadhin (may Allah be pleased with him):“ O Bilal! tell me which of your acts is most meritorious since joining Islam, for I heard the sound of your shoes in Paradise ahead of me? Bilal replied: I do not have any action more meritorious than that whenever I performed Wudhu (purification) during the day or night, each time I offered a prayer as much as Allah has destined for me” (Reported by Imams Bukhari and Muslim).

Wiping Over the Socks

  1.     If someone’s “Wudhu”, gets nullified, then, when performing a subsequent Wudhu, it is allowed to wipe over the socks with wet hands, instead of washing both feet on condition that the socks were put on after washing the feet in the first Wudhu or before the same is nullified.
  •     A traveler may avail himself of this privilege continuously for three consecutive days and nights (72 hours), but a resident may do so for only one day and one night continuously (24 hours).

How Wiping Over the Socks is Done

Wiping is done according to the tradition of the Prophet (peace be upon him), as follows: After removing the shoes, wet hands are passed only over the upper surface of socks without the need to wipe the bottom parts.

When the Wiping Privilege Ceases

The wiping privilege becomes invalid in the event that one or more of the following cases occur:

  1. When the maximum timings allowed as discussed earlier lapse.
  2. The moment the socks are removed.
  3. When any of the cases requiring “Ghusl” occur.

Matters which Invalidate the Wudhu

The person will remain in a state of Wudhu until any of the following matters is committed:

1.      Passing of excrement, urine or wind. When someone passes urine and/or excrement, it becomes mandatory upon such a person to remove the foulness of these things before performing Wudhu. Pure water should be used for this purpose, but in case, it is not available after earnest search for it, the person may resort to the use of certain dry objects, such as stones, dry woods and tissue paper to remove the filth. This is known as “Istijmaar”. Odd numbers of the object to be used is preferred, such as 3, 5, etc. The person should ensure that no drops of urine or stains of foulness are left on his/her body or clothes. However, in the case of persons afflicted with permanent wetting or permanent passing of wind, or of women who are suffering from prolonged flows of blood, such persons are required to perform Wudhu only once before the start of each

prayer and their Wudhu would remain valid even if the above problems may occur later in the course of the prayer.

  • Eating of camel’s meat.
  • Sleeping in which the person losses consciousness.
  • Loss of consciousness resulting from insanity, fainting, etc.
  • Touching of the sexual organs intentionally, directly and unclothed.
  • Renouncing of Islamic Faith.

Ghusl (Total Bath)

Ghusl in Islam means the bathing of the entire body with water. Proof of its legitimacy is embodied in the Holy Qur’an as follows:“ And if ye are in a state of ceremonial impurity, bathe your whole body” (Qur’an 5:6).

Occasions when Ghusl is Required as an obligatory Act

Ghusl is required as an obligatory act in the following cases:

  1.     After the discharge of semen as a result of stimulation whether awake or asleep (i.e. in a wet dream). This state is known in Arabic as “JUNUB”. If, after the dream no wetness is traced in one’s clothing, bathing is not obligatory. However, in case wetness is found but without recalling any dream, performing Ghusl is obligatory.
  2.     After sexual intercourse (or the mere coming together of the two organs of a man and a woman, even though there may be no actual ejaculation) performing Ghusl is required.
  3. Following a period of menstruation, a woman is required to perform Ghusl.
  4.     At the end of 40 days after childbirth, a woman is required to perform Ghusl but if the bleeding stops before completing the 40 days period, then she must make the Ghusl as soon as the bleeding stops.
  5.     When a Muslim dies, Ghusi is required for him/her except for the Jihad Martyr (Shahead).

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