Skip to content
Home » The Evils of The Tongue pdf download

The Evils of The Tongue pdf download

  • Book Title:
 The Evils Of The Tongue
  • Book Author:
  • Total Pages
  • Book Views:


  • Click for the  
PDF Direct Download Link
  • Get HardCover  
Click for Hard Copy from Amazon


Speaking about Allah without Knowledge

Speaking about Allah without knowledge, is the foremost aspect of shirk which incurs the most severe punishment from Allah. For this reason, this is not allowed under any circum- stances. This is clearly communicated by Allah in Surah A’raaf, which highlights the severity of this sin by comparing it with other major sins. He, the Mighty said:

“Say: The things that my Lord has indeed forbidden are, al-Fawaahish (every kind of illegal sexual intercourse) whether committed openly or secretly…”

He, the Most High then moved on to describe a more severe:

“…sin, unjust oppression”

Then to that sin which is even more severe:

“…joining partners (in worship) with Allah (shirk), for which He gave no authority”

And then He, the All-Knowing punctuated it with that sin which most severe:

“…and saying things about Allah of which you have no knowledge. “ [Al-A’araaf 7: 331]

In the Tafseer of this aayah, the scholars of Islam have said that:

“If speaking about Islam (Allah, the Most High) is not the greatest crime, then Allah certainly intended to emphasize it that way. Zinaa (fornication and adultery), the first mentioned (sin in the Aayah) is an act of one committing a sin on his/her own soul. Secondly: (Allah mentions) oppres- sion, a sin committed against others. This is definitely a greater evil. Then He, the Most High mentions shirk (i.e. joining partners in worship with Allah), obviously a greater evil than the first two, and finally, speaking without knowl- edge in Islam. Every sin that followed was always greater than the previous one. Thus, if it (speaking about Allah without knowledge) is not the greatest of sins, as it was mentioned last, it was certainly intended (by Allah) to be understood that way.”

It should be seriously noted that this very grave sin is only be- cause of Satan’s encouragement of the ignorant and sometimes arrogant seekers of name and fame.

Allah, the Most High said:

“Verily, it is indeed Satan that makes you do evil and say things about Allah (or His Deen) of which you have no proper knowledge.” [Al-Baqarah 2:169]

Therefore, based upon the above aayah, we find that this is the most serious prohibition with Allah Himself. The following cate- gories of sins are incorporated in “Speaking of Allah without knowledge”:

  1. Lying upon Allah, the Almighty.
  2. Attributing to Allah, the Most High, what is not suitable for Him
  3. Bid‘ah (innovation) or modifying and altering Allah’s Deen
  4. Negating what He, the Most High, has affirmed
  5. Affirming what He, the Most High, negated
  6. Hostility to those who champion His Cause
  7. Supporting His enemies
  8. Loving those whom He hates and hating those He loves
  9. Describing Him with what does not befit Him in His Es- sence, His Attributes, His Statements or His Actions.

Therefore, because of the amount of sins included in this cate- gory, there can be no greater prohibition. It is from this sin that Shirk (associating partners with Allah) and all forms of Kufr (dis- belief) originate. All forms of Bid‘ah (innovations) are also founded upon “speaking about Allah without knowledge”.

Some aspects of “speaking about Allah without knowledge”

are explained in details below:

1. Lying upon Allah and/or His Messenger (peace be upon him). Allah informs us that it is not allowed to follow anything without knowledge, He, the Most High, said:

“And follow not, (O man i.e. do not say, act or witness) that of which you have no knowledge. Verily! The hear- ing, and the sight and the heart for each of those will you be questioned “ [Al-Israa 17: 36]

And He, the Mighty also warns us not to speak about Him with- out knowledge:

“Say (O Muhammad (peace be upon him)): indeed the things that my Lord has forbidden are: (and from them is) saying things about Allah of which you have no knowledge”. [Al-A’ araaf 7:33]

In the above aayah, Allah () is telling us that He has forbidden Muslims to speak about Him without knowledge, and lying upon Allah () is one way of doing this. The one who lies about Allah () is not only guilty of speaking about Him without knowledge, but also he is amongst the most oppressive of people as Allah Himself describes:

“And who is more oppressive than he who lies against Allah, or who denies His signs…” [Al-A’raaf (7):37]

Besides that, He, the Wise, also describes the punishment on the Day of Judgment for anyone who involves themselves in this dangerous practice, thus:

“And you will see on the day of judgment, those who lie upon Allah, their faces blackened.” [Az-Zumr: 60]

Ibn Al-Jawzee, in his Tafseer said:

“Many scholars of Islam are of the opinion, that lying upon Allah and His Messenger (peace be upon him) is disbelief, and that it takes one out of Islam (i.e. it makes him a dis- believer). Lying upon the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) is similarly serious, since indirectly it is lying upon Allah.

The Messenger (peace be upon him), emphasizing the severity of lying upon himself (peace be upon him), said:

“Whoever knowingly upon me, then let him occupy his seat in the Fire”. [Bukhari, Muslim & others]

Many Muslims would tell you that stealing, bribery, killing, adul- tery etc. are all prohibited (Haraam) acts. However, when it comes to lying upon Allah () and/or His Messenger (peace be upon him), they are not even aware that such a sin exist, and so they would indulge in it freely without worry. This complacency among Muslims regarding this sin comes about because of the great ignorance that prevails concerning (i) The rights of Allah and His Messenger and (ii) the serious punishment that results from indulging in sin.

This complacent attitude, coupled with ignorance, have been the main factors for the majority of the deviances and differences found in Islam.

Various ways in which lying upon Allah, the Most High and His Messenger () are manifested.

(a) Describing Allah without proof from the Qur’aan or authentic Sunnah.

For example, describing Allah as being everywhere is a serious misconception of which many Muslims are guilty. The Qur’aan and authentic Sunnah are both replete with proofs which show that Allah, the Most High, is above and beyond His creation, and not a part of it, as the statement that ‘He, is everywhere’ necessi- tates. The following Hadeeth clearly indicate this. Ma’aaiyah Ibn Al- Hakim said:

‘I had a servant girl who used to tend to my sheep in the area of Mount Uhud, near a place called Al-Jawwaareeyah. One day I came to see them only to find that a wolf had made off with a sheep from her flock. Since, I, like the rest of Adam’s descendants, am prone to do regrettable acts, I gave her a ter- rible slap in her face. When I came to Allah’ Messenger (peace be upon him) with the story, he considered it a grave thing for me to have done. I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) couldn’t I free her? He (peace be upon him) re- plied: “Bring her to me.” So I brought her. He (peace be upon him) then asked her, “Where is Allah?” And she replied: “Above the sky.” Then He (peace be upon him) asked her: “Who am I?” She replied “You are Allah’s Messenger.” So he (peace be upon him) said: “Free her; for she is a be- liever.” [Muslim Vol. 1 Pg. 271-2 #1094]

It must be noted that one of the duties of the Messenger (peace be upon him) was to correct any mistakes anyone committed in this religion (Deen). His (peace be upon him) silence after asking her, “Where is Allah,” and she replied “Above the sky,” is an indication that her answer is correct. His (peace be upon him) affirming that she is a believer, at the end of the Hadeeth, is the direct proof that her answers were correct, otherwise He (peace be upon him) would be lying, and we seek refuge with Allah for even thinking that lying is possible from the Messenger (peace be upon him).

What should be noted, is the fact that the first question he (peace be upon him) asked her was: Where is Allah? and not if she be- lieved in Him, the Most High. Since the question was: ‘Where is Allah?’ great importance and attention must be given to the fact that, since he (peace be upon him) accepted that Allah is above the skies as the correct answer, that this is direct proof that this is the correct view on the question.

Additionally, it establishes the importance of the issue in Islam, contrary to the belief and attitude of many Muslims, even so- called Sheiks, who claim that the issue is either trivial or too ad- vanced. After all, this was the first question the Prophet (peace be upon him) asked of a slave girl to determine if she was a Muslim or not!

  • Explaining the Aayaat of the Quran, or the Hadeeth of die Prophet (peace be upon him) with meanings other than their ap- parent ones, is also another way of lying upon Allah.

Allah, the Most High said:

“O Iblees (Satan)! What prevent you from prostrating yourself to one I have created with My Two Hands…” [Saad 38:75]

In the above Aayah, Allah, the Most High, is saying that He cre- ated Aadam with His Two Hands. Yet some Muslims try to ex- plain “Allah’s two Hands” to mean His power Who knows Allah better, Himself or these people? As Muslims, we have to believe in Allah as He describes Himself or as His Messenger (peace be upon him) described Him. Therefore, if He, the Mighty, says he has Two Hands, we must believe that. However, we must also believe, that they are not hands like our: He, the Sublime said:

“There is nothing like Him; and He is the Hearer; the Seer of all.” [Shooraa 42:11]

Making Haraam things Halaal

This is another form of lying upon Allah. An example of this is telling Muslims to get out of the Masjid. Since some of our brothers pray according to the way demonstrated by the Prophet (peace be upon him), (i.e. according to the Sunnah), some administrators order them out of the Masjid just because of that. These arrogant leaders should remember, that amongst the greatest of oppressors, are those who prevent a Muslim from praying in the Masjid of Allah. This is because they are making Haraam the most halaal of deeds, purely out of their unlawful dictatorship. Allah, the Glorious said:

“And who is more unjust than those who forbid that Al- lah’s Name should be remembered in His Mosques, and strive after its destruction…” [Al-Baqarah 2: 114]

(d) Making Halaal things Haraam

This is also another way in which Muslims lie upon Allah, the Glorious. An example of this, is that Allah permits a Muslim man to marry and have up to four wives, at any given time. However, if anyone attaches conditions, and throws doubt on this, he/she is in fact making something which is Halaal, Haraam. This is done by Muslims saying that a man can only marry once, and if the circumstances of necessity presents itself, then the law of po- lygony (i.e. a man marrying more than one wife) becomes appli- cable. Allah, the All-Knowing said:

“…then many (other) women of your choice, two or three or four, but if you shall not be able to deal justly (with them) then many only one, (or the captives) that your right hands possess…” [An-Nisaa 4:3]

In the above Aayah, Allah, the Wise has legislated that a man should marry 2, 3 or 4 wives, but if he was afraid of treating them unjustly, that is, he would not be able to upkeep a balanced scale of equal treatment, then the alternative is to marry only one. This, and only this, is the condition set down by the Shareeah. Anyone trying to say that there are other conditions, is inventing his own law. Those who propagate that the first wife must be barren or sick, or that she has to approve of the second marriage, etc., have no evidence at all to support their false claims.

Even worse are those who have adopted the orientalists’ opinion, that polygony is a lustful act. Thus, anyone whose wife is other- wise perfect, but he still takes a second wife, is, in the orientalists’ view doing this only out of evil lust and desires. This category is worst, because their statement is blasphemy against the Qur’aan, since Allah, the Wise, promotes and encourages therein, that a man can be married to more than one woman at any given time. It is also blasphemy to the Prophet (peace be upon him), his companions, and the scholars of Islam, as they practiced it during their lifetime.

However, even if it was done purely for lust or desire, it would still be according to the Sunnah, since the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) informs us, that when someone satisfies his sexual cravings or lust in a Halaal way, he will be blessed for it. He (peace be upon him) states:

“…and even when one of you cohabits (engage in sexual intercourse), he is rewarded for it.’’ We (the companions) said: “O Messenger of Allah! Would one of us earn bless- ings and rewards for satisfying his (sexual) lusts and de- sires? He (peace be upon him) said: “Yes, don’t you see that if he was to satisfy it in the Haraam way (by adultery and fornication) that he would be sinned? Similarly, when he satisfies it in the Halaal way, he is rewarded.”

(e) Using fabricated and unauthentic aahadeeth of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) is another way of lying on Allah and His Messenger (peace be upon him).

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“Whoever knowingly lie upon me, then let him occupy his seat in the Fire (of Hell).”Bukhari, Muslim & others]

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) also said:

“Whoever relates a Hadeeth about me, knowingly it to be un-authentic, is himself a liar.” [Ibn Majah]

2. Another Aspect of Speaking about Allah without Knowledge is: Making Legal Decisions (giving fatwas) in Allah’s religion without knowledge.

Allah, the Most High said:

“Say (O Muhammad (peace be upon him): Indeed the things that my Lord has forbidden are: (and from them is) saying things about Allah of which you have no knowledge.” [Al-A’raaf 7:33]

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“Indeed Allah, the All-Mighty will not take away knowl- edge by snatching it away from the people but by taking the lives of the knowledgeable people, until when not one scholar remains. The people will then take ignorant people as their leaders, who they will ask to give judg- ments (in Allah’s religion). This they will do without knowledge. This will result in their going astray, and leading others astray.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

How many Muslims are not in this sad state today? Furthermore, how many rulings and legal decisions are given without knowledge? May Allah save us from this dangerous situation in which we find ourselves.

It is strange that when it comes to secular knowledge, we are so respectful. How many of us would dare speak of medicine in front of a doctor, or dentistry in front of a dentist? Yet we speak about Allah’s laws, and make rulings in His religion ignorantly. Are we not aware that He hears us? – What! Have we no sense?

What should scare people who involve in this great sin is the fol- lowing statement of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him):

“Among the people who will receive the most severe punishment on the Day of judgment is a person who killed a prophet, or who was killed by a prophet, or a person who because of his ignorance, misguides people and lead them astray…” [Ahmad and At-Tabaranee]

What is even more severe and should discourage them even more is the fact that they will carry the burden of everyone who is mis- guided because of them. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“…whoever introduces a bad way which others follow, he will have its burden and the burden of every one who acts upon it…” [Sahih At-Targheeb wat Tarheeb, Al Mundhiree]

3. Another Aspect of Speaking about Allah without Knowledge is: Ruling by other than what was Revealed by Allah.

Allah said:

“And whoever rules by other than by what Allah re- vealed, those are disbelievers.” [Al-Maaida 5:44]

Allah, the Sublime, further states in the Qur’aan:

“…by your Lord (Allah), they can have no faith until they make you (Muhammad (peace be upon him) the judge in all their dispute amongst themselves, and thereafter find no resistance against your decisions, but accept with full submission.” [An-Nisaa 4:65]

Allah, the Most High says:

“The only saying of the faithful believers, when they are called to Allah and His Messenger to judge between them, is that they say “We hear and we obey” – and such ate the successful.” [An Noor 24:51]

Ruling by other than what Allah, the Almighty has revealed is in- deed one of the most severe types of disbelief to which the tongue can fall prey. So, we should be very careful about this. Be aware that ruling by other than Allah’s law is not only for the people who are in governmental positions, although it is easiest for them to fall prey to this, but each person is liable, based upon his responsibility, as is explained in the following hadeeth:

“Each one of you is a guardian, and each person is an- swerable for his flock (those under his charge); so the Imaam is guardian and he is answerable for his flock (his people), the man is guardian of his family and he is answerable for his flock (his family), and the woman is guardian in the house of her husband and she is answer- able for her flock (in his house)…, and each one of you is a guardian and ( responsible for his flock).” [Bukhari and Muslim]

Since most decisions and rulings are generally communicated through speaking, then making Haraam rulings would constitute misuse of the tongue.

So know, that making Halaal what Allah has made Haraam and making Haraam what Allah has made Halaal, or accepting the ruling and following someone who is involved in it, is a type of kufr (disbelief). This is clearly understood from the following Hadeeth:

“ ‘Adi Ibn Haatim came to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and heard him (peace be upon him) recite the fol- lowing aayah: ‘They took their rabbis and monks as Lord besides Allah.’ So he said: ‘Messenger of Allah! They never used to worship them.’ He (peace be upon him) said: ‘Verily, they have made Haraam (unlawful) what was ha- laal (lawful), and they made halaal (lawful) what was haraam (prohibited) and (the people) followed them – so that was their (the people) worship of them (the rabbis and monks).’ ” [At-Tirmidhee]

This Hadeeth is also applicable to the so-called Islamic countries, as well as every constitution or rules and regulations set up by Organizations and Mastoids, etc., which legislate laws that are not in accordance with those that Allah has revealed.

4. Another Aspect of Speaking about Allah without Knowledge is: Bid‘ahs (innovations)

Bid‘ah is changing any aspect of worship in Allah’s Deen by ei- ther adding to it, subtracting from it or altering it in way. It is for this reason that the noble scholars of this Deen expended so much time to warn this Ummah about the great fitnah (trial) of innovation. This is because the dangers of Bid‘ah, and its destruc- tive effects upon this Deen, are much greater than that of the other major sins, as is explained from the following Aayaat and ahaadeeth of the Messenger of Allah:

Allah, the Most High said:

“Say (O Muhammad (peace be upon him) to the people) if you love Allah then follow me, Allah will love you and He will forgive your sins.”[Aali ‘Imraan 3: 31]

The Messenger (peace be upon him) said:

“Who ever innovates in this matter of ours (Al-Islam) that which is not from it, will have it rejected”. [Bukhari & Muslim]

And He (peace be upon him) said:

“…And hold fast to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly guided caliphs, and beware of newly invented matters (Bid‘ah); for every newly invented matter is mis- guidance which leads to the fire.” [Ahmad, Abu Da- wood, Tirmidhi & others]

So, based upon the above ahaadeeth, Muslims must be aware of all matters that are not established from the Sharee‘ah.

To read more about the The Evils Of The Tongue book Click the download button below to get it for free


Report broken link
Support this Website

for websites

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *