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The Guide to Hajj Umrah and Visiting the Prophet’s Mosque pdf download

The Guide to Hajj Umrah and Visiting the Prophet’s Mosque Pdf Download

THE GUIDE TO HAJJ UMRAH AND VISITING THE PROPHET'S MOSQUE
  • Book Title:
 The Guide To Hajj Umrah And Visiting The Prophets Mosque
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IslamHouse
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THE GUIDE TO HAJJ UMRAH AND VISITING THE PROPHET’S MOSQUE – Book Sample

Type of Hajj  – The Guide to Hajj Umrah and Visiting the Prophet’s Mosque

There are three ways of performing the Hajj:

  • Hajj at-Tamattu’ (interrupted)
  • Hajj al-Qiraan (combined)
  • Hajj al-Ifraad (single)

Hajj at Tamattu’

This means entering into Ihraam for the ‘Umrah during the months of Hajj (i.e. from the first of the month of Shawwal to the break of dawn on the tenth day of the month of Dhul-Hijjah), then to take off Ihraam after performing the ‘Umrah, and then again to enter into a state of Ihraam for the Hajj, which should be done from Makkah or anywhere near to it on the 8th day of Dhul-Hijjah during the same year in which the ‘Umrah was performed.

Hajj al-Qiraan – The Guide to Hajj Umrah and Visiting the Prophet’s Mosque

This denotes entering into Ihraam for both the ‘Umrah and the Hajj at the same time during the months of Hajj, and not taking off the Ihraam until the Day of Sacrifice (the 10th day of Dhul-Hijjah), or first entering into Ihraam for the ‘Umrah only during the months of Hajj, and making the intention of Ihraam for the Hajj before beginning the Tawaaf of the ‘Umrah.

Hajj al-Ifraad

This signifies making Ihraam for the Hajj during the months of Hajj from the prescribed station of Ihraam (al-Meeqaat), from his house if it is located between Makkah and the Meeqaat, or from Makkah if he resides there, and to remain in Ihraam until the Day of Sacrifice, if one has brought with them a sacrificial animal.

If one has not brought an animal for sacrifice, they are permitted to come out of Ihraam after performing the ‘Umrah, and thus be-come one performing the Hajj of Tamattu’; that is, he makes the Tawaaf around the Ka’bah, performs the Sa’y (the running between Safaa and Marwah), cuts some of his hair, then comes out of Ihraam, wears his usual clothing and resumes his normal state.

This is what the Prophet prescribed for those people who entered into Ihraam for the Hajj without bringing a sacrificial animal. The same applies to a person who is performing the Hajj of Qiraan if he has not brought with him an animal to sacrifice; that is, it is permissible for him to come out of Ihraam after the ‘Um-rah as described above.

The Performance of the ‘Umrah – The Guide to Hajj Umrah and Visiting the Prophet’s Mosque

  1. When you reach the prescribed station (Meeqaat), the Sunnah is that you clean yourself, wash the whole of your body, and apply some perfume to your body but not your garments of Ihraam ((The garments of Ihraam constitute an izaar, which is a cloth wrapped around the lower part of the body, and a ridaa’, a cloth which is wrapped around the upper part of the body)). Males should then put on the two-piece garment of Ihraam6 which should preferably be of white cloth. As for a woman, she may wear any clothes she likes as long as they do not display her adornments, nor make her resemble men, or resemble the clothes of unbelieving women. Then make your intention to perform ‘Um-rah by saying:

“Labbayka ‘Umrah.”  “I answer your call with ‘Umrah”

“Labbayk Allahumma labbayk. Labbayk la shareeka laka labbayk. Innal hamda wan ni’mata laka wal mulk. La shareeka lak.”

“Here I am at Your Service O Lord, here I am. Here I am. There is no partner to You. Here I am. Truly, all praise and favor is Yours, as well as all Dominion. There is no partner to You.”((Bukhari.))

Men should utter this aloud

Men should utter this aloud, while women should say it quietly. Repeat this talbiyah frequently, and engage in the praise of Allah and in supplications for forgiveness.

  • When you reach Makkah, make the seven circuits (Tawaaf) around the Ka’bah, beginning at the Black Stone with Takbeer (utterance of Allahu Akbar)8, and ending each circuit at the same place. While making your Tawaaf, invoke

Allah much and make supplications to Him in any words you please as long as they are acceptable in the sharia. It is Sunnah when you reach the place between the Yamani Corner and the Black Stone in each circuit to say:

 “Rabanaa aatinaa fid-dunyaa hasanatah, wa fil-Aakhirati hasanah, wa qinaa ‘athaab((The ‘th’ in the word ‘athaab is pronounced hard like the ‘th’ in the word ‘the’ or ‘there’.)) an-Naar.” 

“Our Lord give us good in this world, and good in the Hereafter, and save us from the torment of the Fire.” [Surah al-Baqarah (2):201]

After completing the seventh circuit- The Guide to Hajj Umrah and Visiting the Prophet’s Mosque

After completing the seventh circuit, pray two rak ‘ahs be-hind the Station of Ibrahim (Maqam Ibrahim) if it is possible, even if you are a little far away from it. Otherwise pray at any other place within the Sacred Masjid.

In doing this Tawaaf, it is Sunnah for a man to expose his right shoulder, that is, to put the middle of the upper garment of his Ihraam underneath his right arm and their two ends on his left shoulder ((This is called al-Idtibaa’)). It is also Sunnah for him to walk in quick and short paces during the first three circuits of this Tawaaf.12

3. You should then proceed to the mount of Safaa and ascend it((One need not climb the actual rocky part. It is sufficient to simply ascend the paved slope)), reciting the saying of Allah:

“Surely, the Safaa and Marwah are among the Symbols of Allah. So he who performs the Hajj to the House of Allah, or the ‘Umrah, it is no sin on him to make the walk between them. And whoever does good voluntarily, then certainly Allah is Thankful, Knowing.” [Surah al-Baqarah (2):158]

you should face the Ka’bah

Then you should face the Ka’bah, praise Allah, raising your hand in the way done when making du‘aa, and then say the Takbeer (Allahu Akbar) three times. Then make supplication to Allah, repeating your supplication three times, as is the Sunnah. Then say

“Laa ilaaha ill-Allah, wahdahu la shareeka lah. La-hul mulk wa lahul hamd, wa Huwa ‘alaa kulli shay`in qadeer. Laa ilaaha ill-Allahu wahdah, anjaza wa’dah, wa nasara ‘abdah, wa hazam al-ahzaaba wahdah.”

“There is no god worthy of worship except Allah, who is without partner. His is all Dominion and His is all Praise, and He has Power over everything. There is no god worthy of worship except alone. He fulfilled His promise, supported His slave, and defeated the parties (of the unbelievers) alone.” It is preferable to utter this supplication three times, but there is no harm in saying it less than that.

You then descend from Safaa and do the Sa’y of the ‘Um-rah seven times. Increase your pace between the two green posts, but otherwise walk at a normal pace before and after them. Then you climb Marwah, praise Allah, and do as you did at Safaa.

There are no required specific formulas or supplications for the Tawaaf

There are no required specific formulas or supplications for the Tawaaf and Sa’y The worshipper may praise Allah, or supplicate Him in his own words, or he may recite portions of the Qur`an, paying special attention to the supplications that the Prophet () recited at specific places when per-forming these rites.

4. After the Sa’y, end your ‘Umrah by shaving or shortening your hair. After this, the prohibitions pertaining to the state of Ihraam are lifted, and you may now resume your normal activities.

If you are doing Hajj al-Tamattu’, then it is preferable to shorten your hair, so that you leave the shaving of the hair for the act of going out of the rites of Hajj.

If you are doing Hajj al-Tamattu’ or Qiraan, the sacrifice of a sheep, one-seventh of a camel, or one-seventh of a cow is obligatory on you. You should slaughter it on the day of Sacrifice (the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah). If you cannot afford this sacrifice, it is obligatory on you to fast ten days: three days during the Hajj and seven after returning home.

It is preferable to fast the three days before the day of ‘Arafaat (the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah). However, there is nothing wrong if you fast the three days after the day of the Eid.

The Performance of the Hajj – The Guide to Hajj Umrah and Visiting the Prophet’s Mosque

1. If you are performing Hajj al-Ifraad or Hajj al-Qiraan (that is a Hajj that is combined with ‘Umrah), you should enter into Ihraam at the station of Ihraam (i.e. the Meeqaat) that lies on your way to Makkah. However, if you live in a place that lies between the Meeqaat and Makkah, then you should enter into your Ihraam for the type of Hajj you in-tend from your place of residence.

If you are performing Hajj at-Tamattu’, you should make Ihraam for ‘Umrah from the Meeqaat through which you come to Makkah, then you should make the Ihraam for Hajj from your residence in Makkah on the Day of Tarwiyah, which is the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah. Perform ghusl((A complete bath of purification, as one would take after sexual inter-course)) per-fume yourself, if possible, and put on the two garments of Ihraam. After putting on Ihraam, make your niyyah (intention) by saying:

“Labbayka Hajjan.”

“I answer your call with Hajj.”

“Labbayk Allahumma labbayk. Labbayk la shareeka laka labbayk. Innal hamda wan ni’mata laka wal mulk. La shareeka lak.”

“Here I am at Your Service O Lord, here I am. Here I am. There is no partner to You. Here I am. Truly, all praise and favor is Yours, as well as all dominion. There is no partner to You.”((Bukhari))

2.             Then you should go to Mina, where you pray the Dhuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib, ‘Isha and Fajr prayers at their specific times, shortening those prayers which are four rak ‘ahs to two, but without combining them.

3.             When the sun rises on the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah, proceed toward ‘Arafaat in a dignified manner and without harming your fellow pilgrims. At ‘Arafaat, pray the Dhuhr and ‘Asr prayers, shortening them as well as combining them during the time of Dhuhr, with one athaan and two iqamas (one iqama for each prayer).

Be within the boundaries of ‘Arafaat – The Guide to Hajj Umrah and Visiting the Prophet’s Mosque

Make sure that you are within the boundaries of ‘Arafaat. Recite the praise of Allah and offer supplications to Him facing the Qiblah with your hands raised, following the practice of the Prophet Muhammad (). This act of standing may be done anywhere in ‘Arafaat, is the whole plain is designated as place of standing. Remain at ‘Arafaat until after sunset.

4.             When the sun has set, proceed toward Muzdalifah in a peaceful and dignified manner, reciting the talbiyah. Do not harm or cause any discomfort to your fellow Muslims. When you arrive at Muzdalifah, pray the Maghrib and ‘Isha prayers combined, shortening the ‘Isha prayer to two rak‘ahs. Stay at Muzdalifah until you have prayed the Fajr prayer, and remain there until the brightness of the morning becomes apparent. Mention Allah and supplicate to Him much after the Fajr prayer while facing the Qiblah and raising your hands, following the practice of Prophet Muhammad ().

5.             Then proceed to Mina before sunrise and continue saying the talbiyah while going. If the pilgrim is among the people with an excuse, such as women or weak individuals, it is permissible for them to proceed to Mina at any time after midnight.

In Muzdalifah, pick up only seven pebbles to throw at the stone pillar (Jamrah) of ‘Aqabah. The remaining pebbles can be picked up at Mina. There is no harm even if the seven pebbles to be thrown at the stone pillar of ‘Aqabah are also picked up at Mina.

When you arrive at Mina

6. When you arrive at Mina do the following:

  • Throw the seven pebbles at the stone pillar of ‘Aqabah (this is the one nearest to Makkah). Throw the pebbles one after the other, saying: Allahu Akbar with each throw.18
  • If you are required to sacrifice an animal, slaughter your sacrificial animal. You may eat some of the meat and dis-tribute the rest to the needy.
  • Shave your head or cut some of your hair. Shaving is preferable for men, while for women the length of a finger-tip of their hair is to be cut.

Order is prefered

The above-mentioned order of doing things is preferred; however, there is no harm if some of them are done before others.

After you have thrown the pebbles and shaved or cut some of your hair, the prohibitions of Ihraam are lifted, except the prohibition of having sexual intercourse with one’s spouse. This is the first tahallul (the act of leaving the state of Ihraam and returning to one’s normal state). You may now wear your usual clothes.

7. You should then proceed to Makkah and perform the Tawaaf al-Ifaadah (the Tawaaf which is one of the essential rites of the Hajj). If you are doing Hajj at-Tamattu’, you should also perform the Sa’y. If you are performing the Ifraad or Qiraan and you have performed the Sa’y with Tawaaf al-Qudoom (the Tawaaf of arrival at Makkah), you do not have to make another Sa’y.

After this, all the prohibitions of Ihraam are lifted, including having sexual relations with your spouse.

It is permissible to delay the Tawaaf al-Ifaadah

It is permissible to delay the Tawaaf al-Ifaadah and Sa’y until after the days spent at Mina are over

8.             After performing your Tawaaf al-Ifaadah and Sa’y on the day of Sacrifice, return to Mina and spend there the nights preceding the 11th, the 12th and the 13th days of Dhul-Hijjah (the three days following the day of Sacrifice which are known as the Days of Tashreeq). There is no harm if you hasten and leave on the 12th day of Dhul-Hijjah.

9.             After the zawaal (midday) in the afternoon of each of the two or three days of your stay in Mina, stone each of the three pillars (Jamaraat) starting with the first pillar (that is the one that is farthest from Makkah), followed by the middle pillar, and lastly the pillar of ‘Aqabah. Throw seven pebbles, one after the other, at each of these pillars saying: “Allahu Akbar” with each throw.

After stoning each of the first and the second pillars – The Guide to Hajj Umrah and Visiting the Prophet’s Mosque

After stoning each of the first and the second pillars, pause for a while and ask Allah whatever you wish while facing the Qiblah and raising your hands. However, do not pause to supplicate after stoning the third Jamrah.

If you stay in Mina for only two days, you must leave Mina before the sun sets on the second day. If the sun should set before you are able to depart from Mina, then you would have to remain in Mina for the third night and throw the pebbles again the next day. In any event, it is preferable to remain in Mina for three nights.

Helping is permissible

It is permissible for the sick and the weak to assign some-one to throw the pebbles for them. The substitute first throws his own pebbles, and then, while at the same pillar, throws the pebbles of the person that assigned him.

10. When you decide to return to your country or home after completing the rites of Hajj, you must perform the farewell Tawaaf (Tawaaf al-Wadaa’) before leaving Makkah. None are excused from this except women who are experiencing their menstrual cycle or postpartum bleeding.

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