The Islamic Ruling on Tawassul – Book Sample
Claimed miracles – The Islamic Ruling on Tawassul
Many people misunderstood and became confused regarding the reality of miracles and abnormal behavior; they did not know how to perceive them, nor could they distinguish between the two. Real miracles are those which come from Allaah in order to support His messengers and the message sent from Him to mankind, or it could be as a form honoring some of the real righteous slaves. People could not distinguish between this type and the abnormal behavior of some liars who deceive people and trick them so that they can eat up their money.
Some ignorant people thought that miracles are things which a person can develop in his personality, and it is within human power and capability; they thought that people perform these miracles willingly and by their own choice, and by this wrong belief they thought that a Wali has the power to perform any miracle at any time he desires.
To answer this we say, some people picture the things which take place by these fakers as miracles reflecting the piety of the dead. This is a lie, and all of these incidents are either with the help of Satan, or fabricated in a very smart way in order to deceive people’s minds and to cast over these dead ones fake glory and honor so that people would magnify them. No sensible person whose nature is still uncorrupted would believe that a dead person can perform any deed after his soul departed him and he has no power to move any more; worms have eaten up his body and his bones have become worn out.
Who would believe these claims except for an ignorant or a nai”ve person? We say this because some of these actions claimed to be performed by the dead cannot be performed by a live person, let alone the dead; should we discard our brains which Allaah granted us, and simply believe this nonsense? Sound minds and uncorrupted human nature refuse to accept this nonsense because they openly oppose all the Islamic and natural laws which Allaah has set.
Allaah says what means, “it is not (possible) for any human being to whom Allaah has given the Book and Al- Hukm (the knowledge and understanding of the laws of religion) and Prophethood to say to the people: ‘Be my worshippers rather than Allaah’s.’ On the contrary (he would say): ‘Be you Rabbaaniyyoon (learned men of religion who practice what they know and also preach others), because you are teaching the Book, and you are studying it. Nor would he order you to take angels and Prophets for lords (gods). Would he order you to disbelieve after you have submitted to Allaah’s Will?” (Aali ‘lmraan:79-80)
The polytheists in the past and today
Many people from those who visit the graves seeking help say, “The polytheists in the past used to worship idols, but we have no idols. Instead we have some graves for some righteous pious people whom we do not worship, but we approach Allaah to fulfill our needs in virtue of their honor, and worshipping is different than supplicating.”
We answer these people saying, seeking help or blessing from the dead, in essence, is supplicating to them seeking their help, just as the people in the pre- Islamic period used to supplicate to their idols. There is no difference between the idols the early people used to worship and the graves that people worship today.
They are two different names for the same thing; both groups of people worship a Taaghoot, which is anything worshipped besides Allaah, whether live or dead, human, animal or object. The disbelievers were asked before about the reason they invoke upon their idols. They said as Allaah says what means, “We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allaah.” (Az-Zumar:3) They took their idols as mediators between them and Allaah to fulfill their needs. Thus it becomes evident that there is no difference between them and those who claim affiliation with Islaam, yet invoke upon the dead in their graves; both the categories committed Shirk.
Shirk in one’s love
Devoting all ones love and directing his heart and feelings and glorification towards any creature is not permissible, for this is not supposed to be for other than Allaah. Those who claim that they only love the dead righteous people, yet in reality they honor them and praise them to an extent which exceeds the Islamic limits, are in fact worshipping them. This is because they direct all their love to them, slaughter sacrifices for them, circumambulate their graves like people circumambulate the Ka’bah, and supplicate to them seeking their help and support. T his should not be done to the dead (or live people either).
Another proof of how the people exaggerate their glory is that they swear by their names to indicate that they are telling the truth, where as if they swear by Allaah, they could be lying or joking; some of them might hear a person cursing Allaah and wouldn’t become angry, but if he hears anyone cursing his Shaykh he becomes extremely angry. Isn’t this an extreme exaggeration that they glorify them more than they do Allaah? They love them more than they do Allaah, Allaah says what means, “And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allaah as rivals (to Allaah). They love them as they love Allaah. But those who believe love Allaah more.” (Al-Baqarah:165)
Allaah is Near to His slaves
Allaah says what means, “And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad �) concerning Me, then (answer them), i am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). i respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright.” (Al- Baqarah:186) So there is no mediation between Allaah and His slaves, and there is nothing to prevent the slave from directly invoking upon Allaah and seeking His help without the need for the people of the grave and seeking approach to Allaah through them; there is no need to have the people of the grave as intercessors and ask of them what they will never be able to fulfill and have no power to do.
A Muslim should rush towards his Lord directly
and seek approach to Allaah through the permitted means like virtuous deeds, supplicating to Allaah using His beautiful Names and lofty Qualities, firmly believing that Allaah is the only üne Who can grant honor and might, or humiliate, The üne Who causes of life and death, The Sustainer, The üne Who can harm or benefit. The Prophet (�)said when he was addressing lbn ‘Abbaas (�), “Know that if all the people unite to benefit you with something, they will be unable to benefit you except with that which Allah has preordained for you, and if all of them intend to do harm to you they will not be able to afflict you with anything except that which Allah has predestined against you.” (Ahmad & Tirmidhi). If this was said regarding live people, it is
more worthy to be applied to the dead.
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