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the message of islam pdf download

  • Book Title:
 The Message Of Islam
  • Book Author:
Abdurrahman al-Sheha
  • Total Pages
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Table of Content – THE MESSAGE OF ISLAM

  • Introduction
  • Monotheism in Islam
  • The Principal Goals of Islam
  • Distinguishing Qualities of Islam
  • The Spiritual Aspect of Islam
  • Belief in Allah
  • Belief in the Angels
  • The Merits of belief in the Angels
  • Belief in Allah’s Books
  • The Merits of belief in Allah’s Books
  • Belief in the Messengers
  • Who is Muhammad?
  • The Merits of belief in the Messengers
  • Belief in the Last Day
  • The Merits of belief in the Last Day
  • Belief in Qadaa & Qadar
  • The Merits of belief in Qadaa & Qadar
  • The Pillars of Islam
    • 1st Pillar of Islam: The Two Testimonies of Faith The Meaning of Laa ilaaha il’laa Allah
    • The Conditions of the Shahadah
    • The Meaning of the second Testimony 2nd Pillar of Islam: Salaah
    • 3rd Pillar of Islam: Zakaah
    • 4th Pillar of Islam: Fasting
    • 5th Pillar of Islam: Hajj
  • The Political Aspect of Islam
  • The Economic Aspect of Islam
  • The Social Aspect of Islam
  • Rights owed to the Ruler
  • Rights owed to the ruled
  • Rights owed to the Parents
  • Rights owed to the husband
  • A husband’s obligations towards his wife
  • The rights of relatives
  • The rights of children
  • The rights of neighbor
  • The rights of friends and companions
  • The rights of guests
  • Rights related to employment
  • The rights of the employed
  • The rights of the employer
  • General rights and obligations
  • The Moral Aspect of Islam
  • Prohibition regarding food, drink & clothing
  • The Commandments of Islam
  • A Glimpse of some Islamic Etiquettes
  • Dining Etiquettes
  • Manners of relieving Oneself
  • Manners of seeking permission
  • Manners of greeting
  • Manners that relate to the sitting place
  • Manners of gathering
  • Manners of conversation
  • Manners of joking
  • Etiquettes of visiting the Ill
  • The Etiquettes of sleeping
  • Manner of approaching one’s spouse
  • Etiquettes of traveling
  • The manners of dealing with public property
  • Manners of Trade
  • Conclusion
  • 55. Glossary

The Principal Goals of Islam

The Prophet said in Mina2 in his Farewell Pilgrimage3:

“Do you know which day this is?” They (i.e. his companions) replied, “Allah and His Messenger know best.” He said, “Indeed this is a sacred Day (the Day of Arafah in Hajj). Do you know which place this is?” They (his companions) replied, “Allah and His Messenger know best.” He said, “A sacred place (Mecca and its surroundings). Do you know which month this is?” They (his companions) replied, “Allah and His Messenger know best.” He said, “A sacred month (the month of Dhul- Hijjah, the 12th month of the Islamic Calendar). Indeed, Allah has made your lives, your wealth, and your honor inviolable and sacred, like the sanctity of this [sacred] day, in this [sacred] month, in this [sacred] place.” [al- Bukhari]

The most important goals which Islam calls to and utterly preserves are the preservation of religion, life, honor, wealth, mind, offspring, as well as the preservation of the rights of the weak and disabled. In regards to the inviolability of life, Allah says:

And do not kill anyone who Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause. [17:33]

In regards to the inviolability of wealth, Allah says:

Eat not up your property among yourselves unjustly.[2:188]

In reference to the sanctity of honor, Allah says:

And come not near to the unlawful sexual intercourse. Verily, it is a lewd evil sin, and an evil way. [17:32]

He also says:

Who so commits a delinquency or sin, then throws (the blame) thereof upon someone innocent, has burdened himself with falsehood and a flagrant sin. [4:112]

In regards to the prohibition of transgression against lineage and ancestry, Allah says:

And when he turns away (from you) his effort in the land is to make mischief therein and to destroy the cultivation and lineage; and Allah loves not mischief and corruption. [2:205]

Islam takes great care to protect the rights of the weak, for they are more likely to be oppressed than others. For this reason, Allah mentions in the Qur’an several categories of the weak and some ways in which they may be wronged. With regards to parents, Allah says:

And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them ‘uff’ (a word of disrespect), nor shout at them but address them with terms of honor. [17:23]

In regards to orphans, Allah says:

Therefore, the orphan oppress not. [93:9]

Islam enjoins that their wealth be protected and preserved. Allah  says:

Come not near the wealth of the orphan except with that which is better (to improve and protect it).[17:34]

In regards to children, Allah says:

And then you slay not your children because of poverty, We provide for you and for them. [6:151]

In regards to the sick, the Messenger of Allah  said:

“Free the prisoner, feed the hungry, and visit the sick.” [al-Bukhari]

In regards to the elderly, the Prophet said:

“He is not from my followers: he who does not respect his elders, nor shows mercy to the young, nor respects the scholars.”  [at-Tirmidhi]

In regards to the needy, Allah says:

And repulse not those who ask. [93:10]

The Prophet said:

“Whoever helps his brother in his time of need, Allah will be there in his time of need.” [Muslim]

There are many other excellent manners which the religion of Islam commands Muslims to adopt, all which refines the individual‟s character and helps to reform society as a whole.

Distinguishing Qualities of Islam

[1] There are explicit texts in the Qur’an as well as the Hadeeths4 of the Prophet which indicate that all religions called to the same basic principle, to worship Allah alone in exclusion to all others. Allah sent prophets to mankind, and each one‟s message abrogated the one prior to it, from the apostleship of Noah until the commissioning of Muhammad. The Messenger of Allah said:

“Indeed I am to the other prophets as is a man who built a house beautifully and perfectly, except one brick which was not placed in its corner. People circle and admire it, but say, „If only a brick was put in this place! I am that brick, and I am the last of all prophets.” [al-Bukhari]

No prophet or messenger of Allah will appear after Muhammad. The only exception to this is Jesus. When the Final Hour draws near, he will descend5 to the earth and fill it with justice and equity as it was filled with oppression and tyranny. He will not convey a new religion, but rather he will rule with Islam. The Messenger of Allah said:

“The Hour will not be established until the son of Mary (Jesus) descends as a just ruler judging with the religion of Islam. He will break the cross and kill the pig. He will abolish the jizyah6 and there will be a surplus of wealth until no one will accept it.” [al-Bukhari]

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