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The night prayer in Ramadhan pdf download

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 The Night Prayer In Ramadhan
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The Virtue of Performing the Night Prayer in Ramadaan:

1. It has been reported in two hadeeths, the first of which is from Abu Hurairah, that he said: “Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) would incite (them) to perform the Night Prayer in Ramadaan, without firmly commanding them.

So he (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) would say: ‘Whoever performs the Night Prayer in Ramadaan with firm Faith and hoping to be rewarded, his past (minor) sins will be forgiven.’

Then Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) passed away and the matter remained in this condition.10 Then this condition persisted during the Khilaafah of Abu Bakr (radyAllaahu ‘anhu) and a portion of the Khilaafah of ‘Umar (radyAllaahu ‘anhu).” 11

The second hadeeth is that of ‘Amr bin Murrah al-Juhanee, who said:

“A man from Qudaa’ah came to Allaah’s Messenger and said to him: ‘O Messenger of Allaah, what do you say if I testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah and that you are the Messenger of Allaah, and if I were to pray the five daily prayers and fast and pray the night prayers during the month of Ramadaan, and give the Zakaat?”

So the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever dies upon this state, will be amongst the siddeeqeen12 and the martyrs.”

The Night of Al-Qadr and its Fixed Time:

  • The best night in Ramadaan is the Night of Al-Qadr, based on the Prophet’s saying: “Whoever performs the night prayer on the Night of Al-Qadr [and is then granted it] with firm faith and hoping to be rewarded, his past sins will be forgiven.” 14
  • It is on the twenty-seventh night of Ramadaan according to the strongest opinion. A majority of the ahaadeeth comply with this, including the hadeeth of Zurr bin Hubaysh who said: “I heard Ubay bin Ka’ab (radyAllaahu ‘anhu) say when it was said to him that ‘Abdullaah bin Mas’ood (radyAllaahu ‘anhu) said ‘Whoever performs the night prayer (every night) throughout the year will achieve the Night of Al-Qadr.’ He (Ubay bin Ka’ab) said:

‘May Allaah have mercy on him, his intention was that the people not (grow lazy) and depend solely (on just one night). By the One whom there is no deity worthy of worship beside Him, it is indeed in Ramadaan. And by Allaah I know on which night it is. It is on the night that Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) commanded us to perform the Night Prayer. It is on the twenty- seventh night. Its sign is that the sun rises on its following morning bright with no rays.’

In one report this is raised to being a saying of the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).15

The Legality of Performing the Night Prayer in Congregation:

  • Performing the Night Prayer in congregation is legislated in the Religion. In fact this is better than praying it individually due to the Prophet establishing it himself and due to his explaining its virtue in his saying, as is found in the hadeeth of Abu Dharr (radyAllaahu ‘anhu) who said:

“We fasted Ramadaan with Allaah’s Messenger, but he did not lead us in (congregation) in the Night Prayer during any month until there only remained seven days, so then he lead us in Night Prayer until a third of the night had passed away. When the sixth night came, he did not lead us in the Night Prayer. Then when the fifth night (i.e. 25th night) came, he lead us in prayer until half the night had passed. So I said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah! Can we finish the rest of the night praying?’ So replied:

‘Indeed when a man prays with the Imaam until he finishes, it is recorded for him that he prayed the entire night.’

So on the fourth night, he didn’t establish the night prayer. On the third night (i.e. the 27th night),16 he (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) gathered his family, his wives and the people and lead us in the night prayer until we feared that we would miss the falaah (success).” I said: “What is the falaah?” He (Abu Dharr) said: “The Suhoor (pre-dawn meal). Then he did not lead us in the night prayer for the rest of the month.” 17

The Reason why the Prophet did not continue performing the Night Prayer in Congregation:

  • The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) only discontinued establishing Taraaweeh in Congregation for the remainder of the month for fear that the Night Prayer would be made obligatory upon them in the month of Ramadaan, and thus they would not be able to handle it. This is stated in the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah which is found in the two Saheehs and other collections.18 But this fear came to an

end with his (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) death, after Allaah had completed the Laws of Islaam. And because of this, the effect caused by this fear also came to an end, which was abandoning performing the Night Prayer in congregation during Ramadaan. And its former ruling remained, which is the legality of praying it in congregation. This is why ‘Umar (radyAllaahu ‘anhu) revived it later, as is reported in Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree and other collections.19

The Legality of Women performing the Night Prayer in Congregation:

  • It is legislated for women to attend the congregational Night Prayer, as has been mentioned in the previous hadeeth of Abu Dharr. In fact, it is permissible to place a specific Imaam for them to lead them in prayer apart from the Imaam that leads the men. This is because it is authentically reported on ‘Umar (radyAllaahu ‘anhu) when he gathered the people for the Night Prayer, he placed ‘Ubay bin Ka’ab to lead the men and Sulaymaan bin Abee Hathma to lead the women. ‘Arfajah ath- Thaqafee reported:

“’Alee bin Abee Taalib (radyAllaahu ‘anhu) would order the people to establish the Night Prayer in the month of Ramadaan. And he would place an Imaam for the men and another Imaam for the women. I used to be the Imaam for the women.” 20

In my opinion, this applies only if the masjid is wide and ample enough such that one group will not disturb the other.

The Number of Rak’aat in the Night Prayer:

  • The number of rak’aat in the Night Prayer is eleven. We prefer that this number not be increased or added to, following the example of Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), for indeed he did not go beyond this number until he parted from this world. ‘Aa’ishah (radyAllaahu ‘anhaa) was asked about the Prophet’s Night Prayer during Ramadaan, so she responded by saying:

“Allaah’s Messenger would not perform more than eleven rak’aat (for the night prayer) in Ramadaan or out of it. He would pray four rak’aat, but do not ask

about how fine or long they were. Then he prayed another four rak’aat, but do not ask about how fine or long they were. Then he would pray three rak’aat.” 21

  • One may subtract from this number even to the point where he lowers it to just one rak’ah for Witr. This is based on evidence found in the Prophet’s action and statement:

As for his action, ‘Aa’ishah was asked concerning how many rak’aat Allaah’s Messenger would perform for Witr, so she replied:

“He would perform Witr with four rak’aat22 and then three, with six rak’aat and then three, and with ten rak’aat and then three. He would not perform Witr with less than seven rak’aat or with more than thirteen rak’aat.” 23

As for his statement, then it is his (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) saying:

“Witr is true. So whoever wishes then let him perform Witr with five rak’aat. And whoever wishes then let him perform Witr with three rak’aat. And whoever wishes then let him perform Witr with one rak’ah.” 24

Reciting the Qur’aan in Night Prayer:

  • As for reciting the Qur’aan during the Night Prayer in Ramadaan or outside of it, then the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) did not set any limit for it, by which one can go beyond or below it. On the contrary, his recitation in the Night Prayer would vary either being long or short. So sometimes he would recite the length of Surah Muzammal, which is twenty ayaat, in every rak’ah. And at other times, he would recite the length of fifty rak’aat. And he would say:

“Whoever prays in a night reciting one hundred verses, he will not be recorded as being from the heedless.”

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