THE TARJUMAN AL-QURAN – Book Sample
AL-FATIHA THE OPENING: THE TARJUMAN AL-QURAN
Revealed at Mecca – 7 Verses
IN THE NAME OP ALLAH, THE COMPASSIONATE, THE MERCIFUL
- Praise is for Allah only– The Lord of All Being!
- The Benevolent, the Merciful!
- Master on the Day of Recompense!
- The only do we serve, and Thee only do we ask for help.
- Direct us to the Straight Path –
- The path of those to whom Thou has been gracious, –
- Not of those who have incurred Tl1y displeasure, nor of those who have gone astray.
The Surat-ul-Fatiha is the first chapter of the Qur’ani and is for that reason styled Fatihatul-Kitab or the opening of the book. Because of its intrinsic value, it has been assigned a. place of honour in the Qur’iin and allowed to appear on tl1e very first page of it. Indeed, the Qur’an endorses its importance in the following terms:
“0 Prophet l It is a fact that We have given thee seven oft-repeated verses and the great Qur’ an.” (Q: 15: 87) 9
It has been established by Hadith and Athar that the reference here is to this chapter; for, it not only consists of seven vers68, but is repeatedly recited in daily worship. It is also called Sab’a almathani, (the Oft-repeated Seven). The flame sources give it further names – ‘Umm-ul-Qur’án (the Core of the Qur’án), Al-Kafia (the Sufficient), Al-Kanz (the Treasure Honse) and Assul-Qur’án (the Basis of the Qur’an), each emphasizing a particular aspect of its importance.
In Arabic, the term Umm applies to concepts and objects which, in one form or another, bear inclusive connotation, or by virtue of which, assume the role of genitives. It is why the central part of the human head is caJled ‘Umm-ul-Riis, because it is the seat of the brains. The flag of an army is called ‘Umm, because the army gathers round it. Mecca was known as ‘Umm-ul-Qura, for, consequent upon the location of the Ifo’aba therein and the association therewith of the institution of Hajj, it had grown into a place of assemblage for the people of Arabia. So, to style this chapter as ‘Umm-1tl-Qur’iin is to acknowledge that in its tense comprehensiveness, it concentrates within its ambit, the thought
content of the entire Qur’an, and that, on that account, it rightly deserves the place of honour among its cl1apters.
Further, it is clear from some of the traditions of tl1c Prophet that, even in his own lifetime, this unique role of the chapter had
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