||The Teachings Of Islam|
||Maulana Wahiduddin Khan|
||PDF Direct Download Link|
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The teachings of Islam
THE TEACHINGS OF ISLAM
Islam is not just a system; it is a means of becoming acquainted with the Lord of the Universe. A study of Islam should move one as proximity to God does.
To understand Islam, one should read a book which does not just deal with creeds but also explains how one should establish one’s relationship with the Creator;
which does not just describe conditions which will prevail in the next life, but also instills one with fear and apprehension about what is to be one’s lot in the hereafter; which penetrates to the spirit of worship and does not merely concern itself with the way it should be performed;
which does not simply explain one’s obligations to one’s fellow-men, but also encourages one to fulfill these obligations and refrain from injustice.
This is an attempt to provide such a treatise on Islam. May God accept it. Wahiduddin Khan October, 1980
The Oneness of God
Say: “He is God, the One, the eternally besought of all. He begets not, nor was He begotten. And there is none comparable to Him” (112:1-4).
All that is in heaven and earth gives glory to God. He is the Mighty, the Wise. His is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. He ordains life and death and has power over all things. He is the First and Last, the Visible and the Unseen.
He has knowledge of all things (57:1-3), and he that renounces idol- worship and puts his faith in God shall grasp a firm handle that will never break.
Allah: there is no God but Him, the Living, the Eternal One. Neither drowsiness nor sleep overtakes Him. His is what the heavens and the earth contain.
Who can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is before and behind men.
They can grasp only that part of His knowledge which He wills. His throne is as vast as the heavens and the earth, and the preservation of both does not weary him. He is the Sublime, the Tremendous. God hears all and knows all.
God is the Patron of the faithful. He leads them from darkness to the light. As for the unbelievers, their patrons are false Gods, who lead them from light to darkness.
They are the heirs of Hell and shall abide in it for ever (2:255-257). Yet there shall be no compulsion in religion. True guidance is never imposed by force.
All Praise is Due to God
A tree is unaware of its own extraordinary significance. A flower does not realize what a delicate and exquisite masterpiece it really is.
A bird is oblivious to its own breathtaking beauty. Though all things in this world are classic specimens of the most exquisite art, they never come to know
themselves as such.
For whom, then, is this beautiful and gracious display? It is all for man’s benefit. Man is the only being in the known universe who can perceive beauty in a thing and appreciate its excellence. God has created exquisite works of art in worldly form and enabled man to apprehend them. He has given man a tongue to express his wonder at and veneration of God’s stupendous feats of creation.
What he utters is praise, or admiration of God. It is a tribute of the most sublime sentiments, expressed in human words and offered to God.
Praise means being moved at the sight of God’s craftsmanship and spontaneously expressing one’s realization of His perfection. “God, all praise is due to You. You are chaste and exalted. God, count me among the believers, and raise me not up blind like those who failed to acknowledge your perfection or perceive Your beauty.” Praise is constant remembrance of God in this manner, in Arabic or any other language.
The Angels amongst the multitudes of beings created by God in His omnipotence are creatures of great luminosity called angels.
They are divine servants of impeccable loyalty who convey God’s commands throughout the length and breadth of the universe, attending to the workings of His immeasurable kingdom under His all-seeing eye.
Their numbers perforce are legion.
The cosmic machine must run with flawless and never-ending consistency. The earth, moon, sun and stars must revolve in their pre-ordained orbits 6
for all eternity. God has willed this to be so, and His angels are the divine instruments through which he ensures the perfect functioning of the universe.
From time immemorial a water cycle of awesome complexity has continued to support life in its myriad forms. Trees and plants of tremendous diversity emerge from the earth at every instant.
A whole host of creatures from Man right down to the humblest insect are born and provided for every day.
How is it then that such a great multiplicity of events—all of them extremely complex—can take place contemporaneously?
The Prophets in their wisdom have taught that this is all part of a divine order which the Almighty controls through invisible angels acting as His intermediaries.
It is they who carry out His commandments and communicate His word to the prophets.
They preserve a record of man’s actions by means of which God decides which individuals and which nations shall be rewarded or punished.
It is the angels who take possession of the human soul at the moment of death, and it is they who will sound the last trumpet which shall throw the whole universe into disarray. It is then that the righteous shall dwell forever in Paradise, while the sinful shall be cast down into hell-fire and eternal damnation.
When a machine is produced it is accompanied by a set of instructions for its use. An engineer is also commissioned to give a practical demonstration of how the machine functions. Man is an even more intricately designed but animate machine.
When he is born, he suddenly finds himself in a world where no mountain bears an inscription answering questions concerning the nature of the world, or explaining how he should live on earth.
No educational institution produces experts who know the secret of life or who can provide man with practical guidance.
To satisfy this need felt by man, God sent His prophets to the world, every one of whom brought with him the word of God.
In the scriptures revealed to them, God has explained the reality of life to man, and has made it clear what man should and should not do.
They showed man what sentiments and ideas he should adopt; how he should remember his Lord; how he should live with his fellows, what he should associate himself with and disassociate himself from.
The prophets’ lives are a practical demonstration of how a person should live a God-fearing life.
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