Tafsir ibn kathir – Book Sample
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The biography Ibn Kathir
By the Honored Shaykh ‘Abdul-Qadir Al-Arna’ut, may Allah protect him.
He is the respected Imam, Abu Al-Fida’, Imad Ad-Din Ismail bin ‘Umar bin Kathir Al-Qurashi Al-Busrawi – Busraian in origin; Dimashqi in training, learning and residence.
Ibn Kathir was born in the city of Busra in 701 H. His father was the Friday speaker of the village, but he died while Ibn Kathir was only four years old. Ibn Kathir’s brother, Shaykh Abdul-Wahhab, reared him and taught him until he moved to Damascus in 706 H., when he was five years old.
Ibn Kathir’s Teachers
Ibn Kathir studied Fiqh – Islamic jurisprudence – with Burhan Ad-Din, Ibrahim bin ‘Abdur-Rahman Al-Fizari, known as Ibn Al-Firkah (who died in 729 H).
Ibn Kathir heard Hadiths from Isa bin Al-Mutim, Ahmad bin Abi Jalib, (Ibn Ash-Shahnah) (who died in 730 H), Ibn Al-Hajjar, (who died in 730 H), and the Hadith narrator of Ash-Sham (modern day Syria and surrounding areas); Baha Ad-Din Al-Qasim bin Muzaffar bin ‘Asakir (who died in 723 H), and Ibn Ash-Shirazi, Ishaq bin Yahya Al-Ammuddi, also known as ‘Afif Ad-Din, the Zahiriyyah Shaykh who died in 725 H, and Muhammad bin Zarrad.
He remained with Jamal Ad-Din, YQsuf bin Az-Zaki Al- Mizzi who died in 724 H, he benefited from his knowledge and also married his daughter. He also read with Shaykh Al-Islam, Taqi Ad-Din Ahmad bin ‘Abdul-Halim bin ‘Abdus-Salam bin Taymiyyah who died in 728 H. He also read with the Imam Hafiz and historian Shams Ad-Din, Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Uthman bin Qdymaz Adh-Dhahabi, who died in 748 H.
Also, Abu MQsa Al-Qarafai, Abu Al-Fath Ad-Dabbusi and ‘Ali bin ‘Umar As-Suwani and others who gave him permission to transmit the knowledge he learned with them in Egypt.
In his book, Al-Mujam Al-Mukhtas, Al-Hafiz Adh-Dhahabi wrote that Ibn Kathir was, “The Imam, scholar of jurisprudence, skillful scholar of Hadith, renowned Faqih and scholar of Tafsir who wrote several beneficial books.”
Further, in Ad-Durar Al-Kaminah, Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar Al- Asqalani said, “Ibn Kathir worked on the subject of the Hadith in the areas of texts and chains of narrators. He had a good memory, his books became popular during his lifetime, and people benefited from them after his death.”
Also, the renowned historian Abu Al-Mahasin, Jamal Ad-Din Yusuf bin Sayf Ad-Din (Ibn Taghri Bardi), said in his book, Al- Manhal al-Ṣafi, “He is the Shaykh, the Imam, the great scholar Imad Ad-Din Abu Al-Fida’. He learned extensively and was very active in collecting knowledge and writing. He was excellent in the areas of Fiqh, Tafsir and Hadith.
His collection of knowledge
He collected knowledge, authored (books), taught, narrated Hadiths and wrote. He had immense knowledge in the fields of Hadith, Tafsir, Fiqh, the Arabic language, and so forth. He gave Fatwas (religious verdicts) and taught until he died, may Allah grant him mercy. He was known for his precision and vast knowledge, and as a scholar of history, Hadith and Tafsir.”
Ibn Kathir’s Books
- Tafsir of the Noble Qur’an, which is one of the best Tafsirs that rely on narrations of hadiths, the Tafsir of the Companions, etc.). The Tafsir by Ibn Kathir was printed many times and several scholars have summarized it.
- The History Collection known as Al-Bidayah, which was printed in 14 volumes under the name Al-Bidayah wan- Nihayah , and contained the stories of the Prophets and previous nations, the Prophet’s Sirah (life story) and Islamic history until his time. He also added a book Al-Fitan, about the Signs of the Last Hour.
- At-Takmilat Ma’rifat Ath-Thiqat wa Ad-Du’afa wal Majahil which Ibn Kathir collected from the books of his two Shaykhs Al-Mizzi and Adh-Dhahabi; Al-Kamal and Mizan Al-TtidaL He added several benefits regarding the subject of Al-Jarh and At- TadiL
- Al-Hadi was-Sunan fi Ahadith Al-Masanid was-Sunan which is also known by, Jamu Al-Masanid. In this book, Ibn Kathir collected the narrations of Imams Ahmad bin Hanbal, Al-Bazzar, Abu Yala Al-Mawsili, Ibn Abi Shaybah and from the six collections of Hadith: the Two Sahihs [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] and the Four Sunan [Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi, An- Nasal and Ibn Majah]. Ibn Kathir divided this book according to areas of Fiqh.
- Tabaqat Ash-Shafiyah which also contains the virtues of Imam Ash-Shafi.
- Ibn Kathir wrote references for the Hadiths of Adillat At- Tanbih, from the Shafi school of Fiqh.
- Ibn Kathir began an explanation of Sahih. Al-Bukhari, but he did not finish it.
- He started writing a large volume on the Ahkam (Laws), but finished only up to the Hajj rituals.
- He summarized Al-Bayhaqi’s Al-MadkhaL Many of these books were not printed.
- He summarized ‘Ulum Al-Hadith, by Abu ‘Amr bin As- Salah and called it Mukhtasar ‘Ulum Al-Hadith. Shaykh Ahmad Shakir, the Egyptian Muhaddith, printed this book along with his commentary on it and called it Al-Ba‘th Al-Hathith fi Sharh Mukhtasar ‘Ulum Al-Hadith.
- As-Sirah An-Nabawiyyah, which is contained in his book Al-Bidayah, and both of these books are in print.
- A research on Jihad called Al-Ijtihad fi Talabi Al-Jihad, which was printed several times.
- The battles of the prophet
- The miracles of the prophet
Ibn Kathir’s Death
Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani said, “Ibn Kathir lost his sight just before his life ended. He died in Damascus in 774 H.” May Allah grant mercy upon Ibn Kathir and make him among the residents of His Paradise.
About – TAFSIR IBN KATHIR
This book of Tafsir Ibn kathir was Translated and abridged by a group of scholars under the supervision of Sheikh Safiur-Rahman Al-Mubarakpuri. The Qur’an is the revelation of Allah’s Own Words for the guidance of His creatures. Since the Qur’an is the primary source of Islamic teachings, the correct understanding for the Qur’an is necessary for every Muslim. The Tafsir of Ibn Kathir is the most renowned and accepted explanation of the Qur’an in the entire world. In it one finds the best presentation of Ahadith, history, and scholarly commentary.
Tafsir Al-Qur’an Al-Azim, which is famous by the title Tafsir Ibn Kathir, by Al-Hafiz. Abu Al-Fida’ ‘Imad Ad-Din Isma’il bin ‘Umar bin Kathir Al-Qurashi Al-Busrawi (d. 774 H.), is the most popular interpretation of the Qur’an in the Arabic language, and the majority of the Muslims consider it to be the best source based on Qur’an and Sunnah. This Arabic work spans three thousand and two hundred pages in four volumes. To cover all of the references, Ibn Kathir has also collected some weak Ahadith and Israelites stories. Some repetitions also occur in it, as and when the topics required these.
This Tafsir is one of the Most Comprehensive and Complete Explanation of The Noble Quran. Translated in to the English language for the First time in the History of Islam! Translated and abridged by a group of scholars under the supervision of Sheikh Safiur-Rahman Al-Mubarakpuri. The Qur’an is the revelation of Allah’s Own Words for the guidance of His creatures. Since the Qur’an is the primary source of Islamic teachings, the correct understanding for the Qur’an is necessary for every Muslim.
The Quranic interpretation of Ibn Kathir is the most renowned and accepted explanation of the Qur’an in the entire world. In it one finds the best presentation of Ahadith, history, and scholarly commentary. All of the authentic saying of the Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him) are presented in Arabic along with the diacritics. Muslims all over the world use it as a trusted source of Tafsir of the Qur’an and Sunnah. It is a resource that all libraries or personal collection of English Islamic books should have.
How many Ayat does Al-Fatihah contain – TAFSIR IBN KATHIR
There is no disagreement over the view that Al-Fatihah contains seven Ayat. According to the majority of the reciters of Al-Kufah, a group of the Companions, the Tabi` in, and a number of scholars from the successive generations, the Bismillah is a separate Ayah in its beginning. We will mention this subj ect again soon, if Allah wills, and in Him we trust.
The Number of Words and Letters in Al-Fatihah
The scholars say that Al-Fatihah consists of twenty-five words, and that it contains one hundred and thirteen letters
The Reason it is called Umm Al-Kitab
In the beginning of the Book of Tafsir, in his Sahih, Al-Bukhari said; “It is called Umm Al-Kitab, because the Qur’an starts with it and because the prayer is started by reciting it.” It was also said that it is called Umm Al-Kitab, because it contains the meanings of the entire Qur’an. Ibn Jarir said, “The Arabs call every comprehensive matter that contains several specific areas an Umm. For instance, they call the skin that surrounds the brain, Umm Ar-Ra’s. They also call the flag that gathers the ranks of the army an Umm.” He also said, “Makkah was called Umm Al-Qura, (the Mother of the Villages) because it is the grandest and the leader of all villages. It was also said that the earth was made starting from Makkah.”
Further, Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah narrated about Umm Al-Qur’an that the Prophet said, (It is Umm Al-Qur’an, the seven repeated (verses) and the Glorious Qur’an.)
Also, Abu Ja` far, Muhammad bin Jarir At-Tabari recorded Abu Hurayrah saying that the Messenger of Allah said about Al-Fatihah, (It is Umm Al-Qur’an, Al-Fatihah of the Book (the Opener of the Qur’an) and the seven repeated (verses).)
Virtues of Al-Fatihah – TAFSIR IBN KATHIR
Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal recorded in the Musnad that Abu Sa` id bin Al-Mu` alla said, “I was praying when the Prophet called me, so I did not answer him until I finished the prayer. I then went to him and he said, (What prevented you from coming) I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah ! I was praying.’ He said, (` Didn’t Allah say),
(O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he () calls you to that which gives you life) He then said,
(I will teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur’an before you leave the Masj id.) He held my hand and when he was about to leave the Masj id, I said, ` O Messenger of Allah! You said: I will teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur’an.’ He said, (Yes.)
(Al-Hamdu lillahi Rabbil-` Alamin)”
(It is the seven repeated (verses) and the Glorious Qur’an that I was given.)”
Al-Bukhari, Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’i and Ibn Maj ah also recorded this Hadith.
Also, Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said, “The Messenger of Allah went out while Ubayy bin Ka` b was praying and said, (O Ubayy!) Ubayy did not answer him. The Prophet said, (O Ubayy!) Ubayy prayed faster then went to the Messenger of Allah saying, ` Peace be unto you, O Messenger of Allah!’ He said, (Peace be unto you. O Ubayy, what prevented you from answering me when I called you) He said, ` O Messenger of Allah! I was praying.’ He said, (Did you not read among what Allah has sent down to me,)
(Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he () calls you to that which gives you life) He said, ` Yes, O Messenger of Allah! I will not do it again.’ the Prophet said,
(Would you like me to teach you a Surah the likes of which nothing has been revealed in the Tawrah, the Inj il, the Zabur (Psalms) or the Furqan (the Qur’an)) He said, ` Yes, O Messenger of Allah!’ The Messenger of Allah said, (I hope that I will not leave through this door until you have learned it.) He (Ka` b) said, ` The Messenger of Allah held my hand while speaking to me. Meanwhile I was slowing down fearing that he might reach the door before he finished his conversation. When we came close to the door, I said: O Messenger of Allah ! What is the Surah that you have promised to teach me’ He said, (What do you read in the prayer.) Ubayy said, ` So I recited Umm Al-Qur’an to him.’ He said,
(By Him in Whose Hand is my soul! Allah has never revealed in the Tawrah, the Inj il, the Zabur or the Furqan a Surah like it. It is the seven repeated verses that I was given.)”
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